The purpose of this study is to see if a medicine called pacritinib is both safe and
effective as a study intervention for patients with AML in combination with either
decitabine or cytarabine. Pacritinib is an experimental drug that is being studied to treat
acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Decitabine and cytarabine are both FDA approved drugs that are
used in treatment of AML. Pacritinib is being tested in clinical trials and has not been
submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for approval for any indications.
Pacritinib is a drug that is designed to slow down the growth of leukemic cells.
This is a single-center, open label, two-arm phase II study of clinical activity of
pacritinib in older patients newly diagnosed with AML combined with either decitabine or
cytarabine. In this study, approximately 61 patients will be enrolled at the Weill Cornell
Medical College. Arm A consists of pacritinib and decitabine and will enroll 31 subjects,
and Arm B consists of pacritinib and cytarabine and will enroll 30 subjects. Arm A and B
will enroll sequentially. The dose of pacritinib will be 200mg twice a day continuously.
Arm A: Each cycle: Decitabine 20mg/m2 intravenous daily for 10 days combined with ongoing
pacritinib 200 mg twice daily.
Arm B: Each cycle: Cytarabine 20mg subcutaneous twice daily for 10 days combined with
ongoing pacritinib 200mg twice daily.
Treatment may be given on an outpatient basis if hospitalization is not otherwise required.
Every effort should be made to give decitabine or cytarabine consecutively for 10 days;
however if interruption is needed, discussion will be held with the medical monitor and the
The first day of a cycle will be defined as the day on which decitabine or cytarabine is
started. First treatment will take place on Cycle 1, day 1. Hydroxyurea may be used at the
investigator's discretion for the first 28 days on Cycle 1 to maintain WBC <30,000/µl. Bone
marrow biopsy and aspiration will be performed between days 22-56 of each cycle and the
subsequent treatment cycle will be started between days 22-56, at the investigator's
discretion. Ideally, cycles will be administered at 28-day intervals, but treatment delays
of decitabine or cytarabine up to 56 days will be permitted to allow resolution of
non-hematologic and non-disease-related hematologic toxicities. Granulocyte-stimulating
cytokine support will be permitted at the investigator's discretion in the event of
neutropenic fever/sepsis as per ASCO guidelines.16 Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy will be
performed within 5 days of peripheral blood count recovery to an absolute neutrophil count
(ANC) ≥ 1000/µL and platelets ≥ 100,000/µL without transfusions, or day 28 whichever comes
first. If the peripheral blood absolute blast count is ≥ 5000/µL on day 21 of the first
cycle, the second cycle may be administered immediately after bone marrow aspiration and
Each arm will enroll in a Simon's two-stage design as described in Section 8. In Arm A, 16
subjects will initially be entered into the study, and if 6 or fewer respond, then Arm A
will be terminated early and study will proceed to Arm B. In Arm B, 15 subjects will
initially be entered into the study, and if 2 or fewer respond, the study will be terminated
Duration of study therapy Patients will receive a minimum of 4 cycles of treatment unless
there is evidence of unacceptable regimen-related toxicity or unequivocal disease
progression for which the investigator is specifically recommending alternative therapy.
Pacritinib will continue throughout the study.
Patients who achieve CR, CRp, or CRi will receive subsequent cycles of decitabine on a
monthly basis with decitabine 20mg/m2 IV daily for 5 days with pacritinib. Patients who do
not achieve complete remission, but who are responding to treatment (partial response,
hematologic response, or clinical benefit as determined by the investigator) will receive
four 10-day cycles of decitabine with pacritinib as indicated in the study design, followed
by monthly maintenance cycles of decitabine 20mg/m2 IV daily for 5 days + daily pacritinib.
The maintenance cycles will continue indefinitely until relapse or toxicity. Patients may be
taken off study for allogeneic stem cell transplantation at the discretion of the
Patients will continue cytarabine 20mg subcutaneous twice daily for 10 days combined with
pacritinib for up to 4 cycles to achieve CR, CRp, or CRi. Those patients who achieve CR,
CRp, or CRi after 4 cycles may continue to receive monthly maintenance of cytarabine 20mg
subcutaneous twice daily for 10 days with pacritinib. The maintenance cycles will continue
indefinitely until relapse or toxicity. Patients may be taken off study for allogeneic stem
cell transplantation at the discretion of the investigator.
Screening (Study Day -14 to Day 1) Initiate and complete screening activities within 14 days
before Cycle 1, Day 1 treatment.
Treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1 through End-of-Treatment Visit) This period begins on the day the
patient first receives treatment and ends at the End-of-Treatment Visit.
Follow-up After completion of the End-of-Treatment Visit, all patients are followed up for
30 days and followed every three months for survival and disease status.
Clinical Study Endpoints The Primary objective of the study is to evaluate the safety and
efficacy of pacritinib combined with decitabine or cytarabine in newly diagnosed older (≥65
years old) patients with AML. The primary endpoint of this study will be complete remission
according to the IWG criteria.
The following secondary endpoints will be evaluated:
- Overall Survival (OS)
- Overall remission (OS) rate, defined as CR + CRp + Cri + PR based on IWG response
- Relapse-free Survival (RFS)
- Event-free Survival (EFS)
- Time to Complete Response (TTCR)
- Remission Duration
DISCUSSION OF STUDY DESIGN
Prognosis for older patients with AML is poor, with median survival of only 9-12 months.
Older patients are often not candidates for intensive chemotherapy or allogeneic stem cell
transplantation. Decitabine and low-dose cytarabine are frequently used for upfront
treatment of older AML patients, however CR rates are 40-50% with decitabine and 18% with
cytarabine. Pacritinib is a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor of FLT3 and JAK3 tyrosine
kinases. The objective of the proposed clinical trial is to evaluate the efficacy, safety,
and feasibility of pacritinib combined with decitabine or cytarabine in newly diagnosed
older AML patients. The primary endpoint will be increase in complete remission.
1. Patient has unequivocal pathologic diagnosis of AML (≥ 20% blasts in the bone marrow
based on WHO criteria), excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia t(15;17)(q22;q12);
2. Age ≥ 65 years old
3. No prior treatment for AML except:
- Emergency leukapheresis
- Emergency treatment for hyperleukocytosis with hydroxyurea
- Cranial RT for CNS leukostasis (one dose only)
- Growth factor/cytokine support
4. AML patients with therapy-related myeloid neoplasms are eligible if they have not
received radiation therapy or chemotherapy (not including hormonal therapy) for their
primary malignancy or disorder for ≥ 6 months. Hydroxyurea may be used at the
investigator's discretion up to the first 28 days on Cycle 1 to maintain WBC
5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
6. Subjects must have adequate hepatic and renal function
7. Female subject of child-bearing potential and male subjects with female partners of
reproductive potential must use acceptable contraceptive methods
8. Able to understand and to provide written informed consent
9. Able to comply with all study procedures during the study including all visits and
10. Willing to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in this protocol
11. Patient must sign an informed consent form (ICF)
1. Prior treatment with decitabine
2. Prior treatment with cytarabine
3. Prior treatment with pacritinib
4. Presence of serious illness, medical condition, or other medical history, involving
the heart, kidney, liver, or other organ system, including abnormal laboratory
parameters, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would be likely to interfere
with a subject's participation in the study or with the interpretation of the
5. Active, uncontrolled, clinically significant infection(s)
6. Have other active malignancies (excluding other myeloid hematologic malignancies) or
other malignancies within 12 months before enrollment, except curatively treated
non-melanoma skin cancer, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, organ-confined or
treated non-metastatic prostate cancer with negative prostate-specific antigen, in
situ breast carcinoma after complete surgical resection, or superficial transitional
cell bladder carcinoma
7. Are receiving any other investigational therapy or protocol-prohibited therapy
8. Any prior or co-existing medical condition that in the Investigator's judgment will
substantially increase the risk associated with the subject's participation in the
9. Psychiatric disorders or altered mental status precluding understanding of the
informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary study procedures
10. Any gastrointestinal (GI) or metabolic condition that could interfere with absorption
of oral medication
11. Inflammatory or chronic functional bowel disorder, such as Crohn's disease,
inflammatory bowel disease, chronic diarrhea
12. Clinically symptomatic and uncontrolled cardiovascular disease
13. History of any of the following within 6 months: myocardial infarction,
severe/unstable angina, or symptomatic congestive heart failure
14. New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure
15. Patients with National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology for Adverse Events
(CTCAE) grade 2 cardiac arrhythmias may be considered for inclusion with the approval
of the investigator if the arrhythmias are stable, asymptomatic and unlikely to
affect patient safety. Patients will be excluded if they have ongoing cardiac
dysrhythmias of CTCAE grade 3, corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation >450 ms by
Fridericia method, or other factors that increase the risk for QT prolongation (eg,
heart failure, hypokalemia [defined as serum potassium < 3.0 mEq/L that is persistent
and refractory to correction], or family history of long QT interval syndrome).