Cincinnati, Ohio 45229


Purpose:

This study will test the efficacy of a cessation intervention for caregivers in a large, inner-city Pediatric Emergency Department. The investigators will randomize 750 caregivers who smoke who present to our Pediatric Emergency Department with their child who has a Second Hand Smoke exposure-related illness to either one of two conditions: 1) Screening, Brief Intervention, and Assisted Referral to Treatment (SBIRT); or 2) Healthy Habits Control (HHC). The Screening, Brief Intervention, and Assisted Referral to Treatment condition will include a brief form of the Clinical Practice Guideline: Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence, motivational interviewing, engaging and personalized materials on the effects of smoking and Second Hand Smoke exposure, immediate access to caregivers' choice of cessation resources (e.g., Quitline, smokefree.gov, or txt2quit), a 12-week supply of nicotine replacement therapy and weekly booster materials for 12 weeks. The Healthy Habits Control program will be used as an attention control in which caregivers will receive instruction on healthy lifestyle choices to improve the child's health.


Study summary:

This study will test the efficacy of a cessation intervention for caregivers in a large, inner-city Pediatric Emergency Department. The proposed Screening, Brief Intervention, and Assisted Referral to Treatment will highlight the effects of Second Hand Smoke exposure on the child's health. the investigators will randomize 750 caregivers who smoke who present to our Pediatric Emergency Department with their child who has a Second Hand Smoke exposure related illness to either one of two conditions: 1) Screening, Brief Intervention, and Assisted Referral to Treatment; or 2) Healthy Habits Control. The Screening, Brief Intervention, and Assisted Referral to Treatment condition will use components shown to be effective in the out-patient setting but not yet tested in the Pediatric Emergency Department setting. It will include a brief form of the Clinical Practice Guideline: Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence, motivational interviewing, engaging and personalized materials on the effects of smoking and Second Hand Smoke exposure, immediate access to caregivers' choice of cessation resources (e.g., Quitline, smokefree.gov, or txt2quit), a 12-week supply of nicotine replacement therapy and weekly booster materials for 12 weeks. The Healthy Habits Control program has been previously developed and used in the out-patient setting, and will be used as an attention control in which caregivers will receive instruction on healthy lifestyle choices to improve their child's health. Cessation assistance will be offered at the study's conclusion. If effective, the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Assisted Referral to Treatment model could be routinely used in the Pediatric Emergency Department setting, which could reach at least one million smokers a year, and could result in significant reductions in caregivers' tobacco use, Second Hand Smoke exposure related pediatric illness, and costs in this population. In addition, the investigators' results will inform the conduct of public health research efforts aimed at adults via the Pediatric Emergency Department.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:Eligible participants must: 1. be > age 18; 2. be accompanying a child 0-17 years of age who is presenting to the Pediatric Emergency Department with: - a stable condition, that is, patients who are not critically ill and do not require immediate treatment and intervention by the Pediatric Emergency Department practitioner and - a potentially Second Hand Smoke exposure related chief complaint (such as wheezing, difficulty breathing, cough) as outlined by the U.S. Surgeon General;45 3. be a daily smoker; 4. have currently or recently smoked inside their home; 5. speak and read English, and 6. have a permanent address and a working cell or landline number. 7. Live within a 50 mile radius. 8. Child is a non-smoker. Exclusion Criteria: Caregivers will be excluded if 1. their child has a tracheostomy or 2. if the caregivers are tobacco chewers only, 3. if the caregivers are using pharmacologic cessation treatment, 4. or plan to move within the study period.


NCT ID:

NCT02531594


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, MD
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati

Lara Stone, MA
Phone: (513)-636-3526
Email: lara.stone@cchmc.org


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Cincinnati, Ohio 45229
United States

Lara Stone, MA
Phone: 513-636-3526
Email: lara.stone@cchmc.org

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 23, 2017

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