New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903


Purpose:

This pilot clinical trial studies perfusion magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing patients with kidney tumors. Diagnostic procedures, such as perfusion magnetic resonance imaging, may help find and diagnose kidney tumors and predict and monitor a patient's response to treatment.


Study summary:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To investigate the utility of perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI) as a diagnostic biomarker for the prediction of malignant vs. benign organ confined renal masses. II. To investigate the utility of pMRI as a therapeutic biomarker for monitoring tumor progression in patients undergoing treatment (ablation, surgery, specific systemic treatments such as interleukin 2 (IL-2) or vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor [VEGFR]/mechanistic target of rapamycin [mTOR] targeted therapies) or active surveillance for organ confined or metastatic renal tumors. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To investigate the utility of pMRI to predict tumor grade and histologic subtype of organ confined kidney cancers. OUTLINE: Patients undergo dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE), dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC), or arterial spin labeled (ASL) pMRI within 30 days of biopsy or surgery. Patients with organ confined tumors selected for active surveillance or surgery and patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma undergo follow up pMRI at 1-6 months. After completion of study, patients are followed up within 48 hours.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients must be able to read, understand, and voluntarily sign an informed consent document - For patients with organ confined renal tumors to be enrolled, the renal mass must be >= 1 cm in diameter on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and can be any clinical stage T1a-T4 (non-metastatic); a histologic diagnosis is not required for enrollment; the primary imaging site would be kidney - For patients with metastatic renal tumors to be enrolled, a histologic diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma must exist and any burden of disease >= 1 cm by CT or MRI is acceptable; the metastatic sites may be kidney, intra-abdominal (such as liver), brain, bone, or lymph nodes; lung lesions are NOT eligible because of the motion artifact caused by respiration - Patients with metastatic disease may have received prior nephrectomy and/or prior systemic therapy (no limit on number); their baseline pMRI would be performed prior to starting a new treatment - Negative pregnancy test if female of child-bearing age - Able to undergo contrast enhanced MRI Exclusion Criteria: - Severe concurrent disease, infection, or medical co-morbidity that, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment - Severe renal function impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2) would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment due to the increased risk of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) with higher dose of IV gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) administration - Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding - Subjects who are unable to tolerate or are not eligible for MR imaging (claustrophobia, metal implantable devices such as pacemaker, aneurysm clips, etc) - Subjects with established allergy to IV GBCA


NCT ID:

NCT02526511


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Eric Singer, MD, MA
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Clinical Trials Office
Phone: 732-235-8675


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903
United States

Clinical Trials Office
Phone: 732-235-8675

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 24, 2017

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