Nashville, Tennessee 37232


Purpose:

Surgical site infection (SSI) following spinal surgery is a frequent complication and results in higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. SSI following adult spinal surgery is a frequent complication that has been reported to occur in 0.7-12.0% of patients and result in higher postoperative morbidity, mortality and health care costs. Vanderbilt University Medical Center SSI rate is 7%. Treatment for SSI can be challenging often requiring revision surgery, long-term antibiotics, and prolonged hospitalization. The accurate identification of risk factors is thus important in the development of strategies to prevent these potentially devastating infections. This study proposes a randomized, controlled trial of neuro-spine patients of 2% chlorhexidine gluconate skin preparation cloths for the prevention of post op surgical site infections in spine patients. Use of CHG cloths the night before and morning of surgery (neckline to toes) will affect (decrease rates) of SSI compared to patients who receive routine standard of care (soap and water pre-op, day of surgery and daily post-operative).


Study summary:

Pre-operatively patients scheduled for neurosurgical spine cases will be evaluated and approached for interest, if consenting process completed, patients will be randomized to one of 2 arms in 1:1 through a block randomization table. Those enrolled into the study arm will receive the CHG cloths and instructions for use from research personal. Those randomized to the control arm will receive standard of care skin cleansing by nursing staff. All subjects who have signed consent will have a skin swab culture taken the day of screening and prior to cleansing with Chlorhexidine gluconate wipes close to the intended incision line. The investigators will also obtain skin swab cultures at site of incision preoperatively on the day of surgery, post-op day 4 or time of discharge and at the 30 day follow up. Both groups will be evaluated daily by study personnel for the development of SSI until post-op day 4 or hospital discharge whichever one comes first. After dressing removal, a daily high definition picture will be taken of the incision line to further document signs of SSI development (pictures will not have any patient identifiable information). Additional evaluations will take place at the 30 day (+/- 7 days) post-op visit. Blinded evaluators utilizing the CDC guideline will grade the incision line for presence of SSI. Measured change in skin flora will be performed by comparing skin swab cultures of intervention group versus standard of care group and individual changes pre and post operatively.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: Patients scheduled for a neuro-spine procedure and have 2 of the following risk factors: - Diabetic OR - BMI>30 OR - ASA>2 OR - pre-operatively hospitalized OR - >60 years old OR - chronic steroids/immunosuppressive medications OR - prior history of SSI Exclusion Criteria: - Unable to consent - Non English speaking - Known allergy to any of the ingredients contained in SAGE chlorhexidine gluconate cloths - Current infection or history of spine infections - Patients with tumors or intradural spinal pathology.


NCT ID:

NCT02490631


Primary Contact:

Elizabeth Card, MSN
Phone: (615)875-4611
Email: elizabeth.b.card@vanderbilt.edu


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Nashville, Tennessee 37232
United States

Elizabeth Card, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC
Phone: (615)875-4611
Email: elizabeth.b.card@vanderbilt.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 19, 2017

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