Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104


Purpose:

In general, the toxicity of radiation therapy and chemotherapy exhibits a strong dose-response relationship. However, patients receiving similar doses still exhibit a range of toxicity responses due to a variety of factors, including comorbid conditions, disease (cancer) specific factors, and inter-individual genetic variation. A very small percentage of patients experience side effects that are either extremely severe or extremely mild compared to the majority of patients for the dose of radiation or chemotherapy given. Currently, the reasons for this are not entirely clear, but likely relate to patient specific factors such as immune response, cell/tissue repair capacity and other factors that fundamentally rely on rare genetic variations at loci involved in these responses. For example, patients with homozygous deletions in DNA damage response genes such as ATM are uniquely sensitive to DNA damaging agents. Many patients with severe, homozygous mutations in such genes have other sequela that lead to medical recognition of the syndrome prior to therapy. The investigators hypothesize that patients with unusually severe toxicity from therapy that do not exhibit classical signs of homozygous mutation syndromes are heterozygous for nonfunctional or hypofunctional alleles at these loci, such that the defect is only uncovered under the relatively acute, severe stress on that pathway by radiation or chemotherapy. Conversely, patients with very mild reactions could exhibit rare variants/combinations of variants that make them uniquely resistant to chemotherapy or radiotherapy toxicity. The purpose of the study is to better understand these mechanisms with the eventual goal of developing predictive markers that will allow us to help individually tailor cancer therapy is in future patients. Will accomplish these goals by studying a variety of factors from a single vial of blood. These will include circulating proteins and hormones, circulating cells and the levels and sequences of white blood cell DNA or RNA using a variety of techniques including but not limited to determination of cytokine/hormone levels, proteomic analysis, immunocytochemical assays, whole exome sequencing and qPCR.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Subjects will be age 18 or greater Subjects will have undergone chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy and experienced unusually mild or severe toxicity. Exclusion Criteria: - Subjects for who, after initial review of medical records by study team personnel are not judged by the PI and/or sub-investigators to have sufficiently unusual toxicity from therapy.


NCT ID:

NCT02469194


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Keith Cengel, MD, PhD
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania

Keith Cengel, MD, PhD
Phone: 855-216-0098
Email: PennCancerTrials@emergingmed.com


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2017

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