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Aurora, Colorado 80045


Purpose:

We hypothesize that reductions in gamma activity are a key mechanism underlying cognitive dysfunction in PD and that interventions to increase gamma activity will improve cognition.


Study summary:

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative illness (after Alzheimer's disease) affecting 1-2% of people over age 65.3 Although PD is traditionally characterized by its motor symptoms (e.g. tremor, stiffness, slowness), research demonstrates that cognitive dysfunction has a greater impact on patient suffering and caregiver burden despite being under-recognized. Cognitive dysfunction is a significant risk factor for psychosis, dementia, nursing home placement and affects 20- 40% of PD patients even at the time of initial diagnosis.4,5 In patients with PD surviving 20 years or longer, cognitive dysfunction is the leading cause of nursing home placement and three fourths of PD patients ultimately develop dementia.6 We know that neurons in the brain communicate with each other by firing at certain frequencies. A growing literature shows that high frequency (30-50 Hz) brain activity called gamma activity is particularly important for communication between distant brain areas and is critical to normal cognition.7 Prior studies also show that gamma activity is reduced in PD.8 However, we do not know why gamma activity is reduced in PD or the relationship between changes in gamma activity and cognitive dysfunction. We hypothesize that reductions in gamma activity are a key mechanism underlying cognitive dysfunction in PD and that interventions to increase gamma activity will improve cognition. To test this hypothesis we propose to use a novel combination of research methods including magnetoencephalography (MEG) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). MEG measures magnetic activity over the scalp to determine brain activity. We will use MEG to determine whether reductions in gamma activity are related to cognitive dysfunction in PD. TMS uses a magnetic coil placed over the scalp to stimulate brain activity. While there is evidence that repetitive TMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation) increases gamma activity and may improve cognition, it has not been studied for this purpose in PD. We will apply repetitive TMS to PD patients to determine whether gamma activity and/or cognitive function may be improved non-invasively.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - We will recruit 60 PD patients through the University Colorado Hospital (UCH) Movement Disorders Clinic diagnosed with probable PD using United Kingdom (UK) Brain Bank Criteria. - PD patients will be of mild to moderate severity based on the Hohn and Yahr scale (score of 3 or less in on medication state) and be on a stable dose of PD medications. - Clinical severity will also be assessed using the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale. - We do not anticipate recruitment to be difficult as UCH Movement clinics see over 800 PD patients annually, the majority of whom are stage 3 or less. - Controls will be approximately matched for age and gender as a group and recruited through clinic (spouses) and advertisements in the community. Exclusion Criteria: - Subjects will be excluded if they have significant depression (Beck Depression Inventory33 > 14) - Dementia (Mini Mental State Examination34 < 26 or Frontal Assessment Battery35 < 14) - Other neurological or psychiatric illness - Significant history of head injury, significant systemic medical diseases (e.g. liver failure, kidney failure, poorly controlled diabetes) - Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) - Cognitive enhancing medications (e.g. stimulants or acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) or contraindications to either TMS or MRI (pregnancy, pacemaker, unstable cardiac disease, skull lesion, claustrophobia, history of epilepsy or on medications known to lower seizure threshold).


NCT ID:

NCT02468804


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Benzi Kluger, MD
University of Colorado, Denver


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Aurora, Colorado 80045
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 21, 2017

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