single-modality phase I dose escalation toxicity study for first-line curative treatment of
head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
HYDRA will consist of 5 fraction SBRT treatment targeting only grossly evident disease
localized by examination and standard diagnostic CT, MR, and PET-CT imaging. Prophylactic
coverage of uninvolved at-risk mucosal and nodal drainage basins will be strictly disallowed.
The initial dose cohort will be treated to a total of 42.5 Gy in five equal fractions
delivered every other day over a two week period (biologically equivalent to 66 Gy delivered
in 2 Gy daily fractions), drawn from our successful institutional experience with similar
dosing and fractionation for early-stage larynx SBRT. Escalation of total dose will proceed
in 2.5 Gy increments, up to a final target dose of 50 Gy.
- Patients older than 18 years of age with histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma
of the larynx.
- Stage T1-2N1-2c/T3-4N0-2c disease, as defined by American Joint Committee on Cancer
- ECOG (Zubrod) performance status 0-2.
- Must be functionally and technically fit for partial laryngectomy.
- Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
(hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for
the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy.
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
- Patients who have undergone resection of primary disease.
- Patients who have received induction chemotherapy for their cancer diagnosis.
- Patients who have undergone a diverting tracheostomy which is either a) traversing
directly through tumor, b) has been placed for true airway insufficiency. Patients
with a tracheostomy placed preemptively for impending airway compromise remain
eligible for enrollment.
- Prior cancer diagnosis, except appropriately treated localized epithelial skin cancer
or cervical cancer.
- Prior radiation therapy to the head and neck region.
- Women of childbearing potential (a woman of child-bearing potential is a
reproductively mature woman who has not undergone a hysterectomy or who has not been
naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months [i.e., who has had menses
at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months]) and male participants must
practice effective contraception (oral, injectable, or implantable hormonal
contraceptive; tubal ligation; intra-uterine device; barrier contraceptive with
spermicide; or vasectomized partner) throughout the study.
- Patients unable or unwilling to give written, informed consent.
- Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:
1. Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within
the last 6 months.
2. Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months.
3. Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time
4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness
requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy within 30 days before
5. Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects;
note, however, that laboratory tests for liver function and coagulation
parameters are not required for entry into this protocol.
6. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) based upon current CDC definition;
note, however, that HIV testing is not required for entry into this protocol.
Protocol-specific requirements may also exclude immuno-compromised patients.
7. History of treatment with potent immunosuppressive drugs for such conditions as
post organ transplant, severe rheumatoid arthritis, etc. within the past 6
- Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing due to the potential for congenital
abnormalities and the potential of this regimen to harm nursing infants
- Evidence of metastatic disease