Decatur, Georgia 30033


Purpose:

The purpose of this research study is to learn more about brain activity when individuals with and without Parkinson disease (PD) move their lower limbs. The investigators also want to see if and how two different types of partnered dance affect brain activity in individuals with and without PD. Testing will take place at the Atlanta VA Medical Center and at Emory University. The investigators expect to enroll about 140 people for this study over a five-year period.


Study summary:

Persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) have impaired mobility, which adversely affects their quality of life. The effectiveness of adapted tango dance, in which participants both lead (internally guide: IG) and follow (externally guide: EG) movement has been shown. To improve outcomes in those with PD, the underlying brain mechanisms for both motor impairments and improvement must be studied. IG and EG movements have distinct brain activity patterns. Individuals with PD have trouble with IG movement but this problem is helped by strategies used while "leading." During "following", participants with PD can use many external cues, which helps movement in PD, because EG tasks bypass the basal ganglia, the part of the brain affected by PD. In older persons with PD, the investigators aim to: - determine brain activation patterns during IG and EG foot movement. - look into effects of IG and EG training on brain activation along with mobility improvements. The investigators will begin with a functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging test in a scanner. The investigators will look at brain area correlates of a clinically-used foot-tapping task, during IG and EG conditions in older persons with and without PD. Then, the investigators will assess the relative effectiveness of IG versus EG training during an adapted tango class, compared to a group that participates in health education, for improved mobility and foot tapping. Participants with PD will be assessed for disease severity. They will receive tests of outcome measures while "OFF" and "ON" PD-specific medications at the following time points: - 1 week before training - 1 week after training - 1 month after training Participants must attend 20 lessons of IG or EG adapted tango in 12 weeks, taught by an experienced instructor. In the functional MRI (fMRI) scanner, the investigators will assess participants for improved foot tapping after training. The investigators will also look at changes in activation in specific brain circuits along with training effects upon mobility. The long-term goal is to improve motor training as much as possible for persons with PD by understanding foot movement brain circuitry in PD as well as brain changes in circuitry through which training is effective. This work proposes to illumine information about brain function that is very important to continued progress in rehabilitative care of persons with PD.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Age 40 - 70 years - Willingness to spend 1-h in a scanner - Able to walk with or without an assistive device 10 feet - Best corrected/aided acuity better than 20/70 in the better eye - Absence of dementia or vascular cognitive impairment - Absence of primary memory deficits Exclusion Criteria: - Deep brain stimulator implants, Metallic implants, fragments, or pacemakers - Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MocA) score < 24 - Pure-tone threshold sensitivity > 40 dB - Peripheral neuropathy - Untreated Major Depression - History of stroke, or traumatic brain injury


NCT ID:

NCT02457832


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Madeleine Hackney, PhD
Atlanta VA Medical and Rehab Center, Decatur, GA

Madeleine Hackney, PhD
Phone: (404) 321-6111 ext. 5006
Email: madeleine.hackney@va.gov


Backup Contact:

Email: ariel.hart1@va.gov
Ariel Hart, BA
Phone: (404) 321-6111 ext. 5006


Location Contact:

Decatur, Georgia 30033
United States

Antonio J Laracuente, MBA
Phone: 404-321-6111
Email: Antonio.Laracuente03@va.gov

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 20, 2017

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