The purpose of this non-inferiority trial is to determine the clinical efficacy of acellular
dermal matrix (ADM) in the augmentation of the gum around dental implants as compared to an
autologous gum graft (sCTG) obtained from the palate (roof of the mouth) in human adults.
AlloDerm is regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as human tissue for
transplantation. AlloDerm is processed and marketed in accordance with the FDA's requirements
for banked human tissue (21 CFR, Part 1270 and Part 1271) and Standards for Tissue Banking of
the American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB).
Twenty adult subjects will be recruited who are in need of dental implant placement with
simultaneous gum grafting to increase the thickness of the facial mucosa. Half of the
subjects will be randomized to the ADM group and half will be randomized to the sCTG group.
The surgical intervention will be performed according to the protocol and subjects will
return for follow-up 2, 4, 8, and 16 weeks post-surgery for follow-up measurements of
healing, gum thickness, subject perception of pain, and esthetic photographs.
Although little is known about the influence of peri-implant mucosa thickness (PMT) on
long-term biologic outcomes, soft tissue thickness is a critical component to esthetic dental
implant restorations. While the subepithelial connective tissue graft (sCTG) has been
recognized as the gold standard for gingival augmentation, several studies have reported
acellular dermal matrix (ADM) may produce similar outcomes. Healthy patients with a thin
biotype were selected on the basis of an eligibility criteria and randomized to the control
(sCTG) or test (ADM) group. Measurements were completed by a masked examiner at baseline and
at implant uncovering. Patient reported outcomes were recorded, as well. A power analysis
suggested 20 subjects be recruited. The gain in PMT at 1mm, 3mm and 5mm from the expected CEJ
and recipient site wound dehiscence were measured and recorded in both groups at different
time points by a calibrated, masked examiner. Patient-related outcome measures (PROMs), such
as pain and level of satisfaction with final outcome, were also recorded for all study
- Age: 18 to 80 years.
- Subjects must be able and willing to follow instructions related to the study
- Subjects must have read, understood and signed an informed consent form.
- At least one single-tooth edentulous site, with adjacent natural teeth, planned for
tooth replacement therapy with an implant-supported restoration.
- Reported allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the products to be used in the study.
- Severe hematologic disorders, such as hemophilia or leukemia.
- Active severe infectious diseases that may compromise normal healing.
- Liver or kidney dysfunction/failure.
- Currently under cancer treatment or within 18 months from completion of radio- or
- Subjects with uncontrolled diabetes, defined as Hba1c > 6.5% (According to the
American Diabetes Association 2014 Guidelines)
- Pregnant women or nursing mothers.
- Smokers: Subjects who have smoked within 6 months of study onset.
- Concomitant medications for systemic conditions that may affect the outcomes of the
- Any other non-specified reason that from the point of view of the investigators will
make a candidate not a suitable subject for the study (e.g. limited mouth opening).
Gustavo Avila-Ortiz, DDS, MS, PhD
University of Iowa College of Dentistry