Study objective is to evaluate user preference, time for procedure, insertion success rates,
complications, completion of therapy and dwell time of the AccuCath 2.25" BC device placed
in difficult IV access patients in the emergency department.
A one arm, prospective feasibility study using the AccuCath 2.25" BC Intravascular Catheter
System placed in the upper arm with ultrasound guidance, and the lower arm with and without
ultrasound guidance based on clinical assessment. Subjects will be subjected to a maximum
of 4 attempts. If unsuccessful by the 4th attempt, alternatives will be considered as per
current standard of care.
Currently multiple IV attempts are made in difficult IV access patients without success.
Patients are often escalated to more invasive lines due to the need for longer catheters
without clinical indication. The study will evaluate the feasibility of AccuCath 2.25" BC
as a low risk, lower cost alternative for this patient population in lieu of using a
midline, peripherally inserted central line or central venous catheter when not clinically
required for purposes of therapy.
1. Male or female, age > 18 years old;
2. Capable and willing to give informed consent;
3. English speaking;
4. Acceptable candidate for an elective, non-emergent peripheral IV as determined by
5. Admitted to inpatient area for minimum of 24 hours, preferably for average hospital
length of stay;
6. Difficult venous access patient as defined by either 2 failed initial attempts
without ultrasound guidance or a history of difficult access plus the inability to
directly visualize or palpate a target vein.
1. Male or female, < 18 years old;
2. Requirement for emergent IV placement (patient's condition would be compromised if
there is a delay in IV placement);
3. Previous venous grafts or surgery at the target vessel access site;
4. Subjects with lymphedema or status-post mastectomy on affected side;
5. Currently involved in other investigational clinical trials (unless permission is
granted by other study PI).