San Diego, California 92123


The most appropriate initial oxygen concentration for the resuscitation of the extremely low birth weight infant has not been established using large well designed, randomized, blinded, prospective trials and the level of oxygen utilized by practitioners in this situation is highly variable. This proposed trial will use targeted oxygen saturation levels over the first 15 to 20 minutes of life to compare a low and a higher initial oxygen level for the resuscitation of such infants, and will be large enough to evaluate short term outcomes of survival without oxygen at 36 weeks and survival without retinopathy of prematurity, and the long term outcome of survival without significant neurodevelopmental impairment at 2 years of age. Such information is urgently required to provide an evidence basis for the initial oxygen concentration for resuscitation of these very preterm infants.

Study summary:

The Premature Infants Resuscitated with Oxygen or Air (PRESOX) trial, is a prospective randomized clinical trial of extremely premature infants that will assess the use of a low and high oxygen concentration for the initial resuscitation. The hypothesis is that infants resuscitated with a lower oxygen concentration at birth will have a increase in survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) during their initial hospitalization, and will have a increase in survival without neurodevelopmental impairments. Previous studies of mostly term newborn infants have demonstrated that initial resuscitation with room air compared to 100% oxygen resulted in improved outcomes and an overall decrease in mortality. The analysis of these studies demonstrated that the reduction in mortality was very significant in the preterm infants that had been included in these trials. A number of small clinical trials have now demonstrated that it is feasible to treat very preterm infants with lower versus higher concentrations of oxygen while carefully monitoring their oxygen saturation in the minutes following delivery. As review of the previous observations demonstrated that there was a reduction in death using lower oxygen concentration, it is imperative that a large study of preterm infants be conducted to determine if a lower compared to a higher oxygen concentration for the initial resuscitation will lead to improved short and longer term outcomes including survival without neurodevelopmental disability. The PRESOX trial will randomize infants from 23 weeks gestation to 28 weeks gestation who require resuscitation at birth to receive either room air or 60% oxygen. Oxygen saturation will be monitored from the first minute of life and the initial oxygen concentration will be titrated using a unique purpose built device which will track the oxygen saturation (SpO2) within the chosen target limits. The targets chosen allow the infants oxygen saturation to follow the increase seen in normal preterm infants who do not require resuscitation. Following resuscitation the infants will be transferred to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and management will follow the usual care in those units. In a subset of infants, levels of antioxidants from the infant's blood and urine will be measured by Dr M Vento. This portion of the study is already funded by the combined Spanish Ministries of Health and Science. Antioxidants are known to increase with exposure to oxygen. The infants will return for a neurodevelopmental follow up examination at the age of two years. This trial will provide urgently needed evidence to establish the most optimal care to these very fragile preterm infants.


Inclusion Criteria: Infants with a gestational age of 23 0/7 to 28 6/7 weeks by best obstetrical estimate. Infants who will receive full resuscitation as necessary, i.e., no parental request or physician decision to forego resuscitation Infants whose parents/legal guardians have provided consent for enrollment, or for whom a waiver of consent is in place Infants without known major congenital malformations prior to delivery Exclusion Criteria: Any infant transported to the center after delivery Infants whose parents/legal guardians refuse consent Infants born when the research apparatus/study personnel are not available Infants < 23 weeks 0 days or > 28 weeks 6 days, completed weeks of gestation



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Neil N Finer, MD
UCSD Medical Center

Wade Rich, RRT, CCRC
Phone: 619-543-5375

Backup Contact:

Kathy Arnell
Phone: 858-939-4966

Location Contact:

San Diego, California 92123
United States

Kathy Arnell, RNC-NIC
Phone: 858-939-4966

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 16, 2018

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