Los Angeles, California 90048


Purpose:

The primary purpose of this study is to see if it is safe to give patients with pancreatic or head and neck cancer a low dose of the FDA approved anesthetic drug ketamine at the same time they receive radiation and/or chemotherapy for their cancer treatment to prevent depression and its effects. Researchers would also like to see if giving ketamine at the same time as cancer treatment is practical and reasonably acceptable to the patient. New onset depression is highly frequent in those with head and neck cancer, and depression has many negative consequences for outcomes in those patients. Depression has been known to have greater incidence in pancreatic cancer patients than in patients with other malignancies. Therefore, investigators would also like to see if giving patients ketamine during their routine cancer treatment will prevent the onset of depression and its negative effects on cancer treatment outcomes, and also help with anxiety, pain, and quality of life. The study will also use a placebo to compare to the good and/or bad effects of ketamine. A placebo is not an active drug and it will be look the same as ketamine, as a liquid to be taken by mouth. Ketamine is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a general anesthetic by itself for some diagnostic and surgical procedures or combined with other general anesthetic agents. It has also been shown to reduce cancer pain. Ketamine is considered experimental in this study because it is not approved by the FDA for the prevention of depression.


Study summary:

This is a prospective, single center, double blind, randomized, two-arm feasibility study of oral ketamine versus placebo for the prevention of depression in non-depressed patients with head and neck or pancreatic cancer undergoing curative intent cancer therapy. Approximately 40 patients with head and neck cancer or pancreatic cancer about to undergo cancer therapy will be randomized 1:1 to receive study treatment with one of the following regimens: - Arm A: weekly oral administration of 0.5 mg/kg ketamine - Arm B: weekly oral administration of placebo Consenting patients will undergo screening procedures, and if eligible, a baseline interview and brief questionnaires regarding depression, mental and emotional health, and quality of life assessments. Study treatment will be administered for 12 weeks unless the patient experiences unacceptable toxicities, exhibits moderate to severe depressive symptoms, or withdraws consent. Patients on the placebo treatment arm will not be eligible to cross over to the ketamine arm at evidence of depression but will be removed from the study and treated with standard medical management for depression. Patients will be asked to complete psychosocial measurements every two weeks, before study medication/placebo administration, while on study treatment and monthly during a five-month follow-up period.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent. 2. Stage -II-IV epidermoid cancer of the head and neck OR stage III-IV pancreatic cancer, with prognosis of at least three months, per oncologist. 3. Within two weeks of starting or from having started, curative intent therapy for head and neck cancer. 4. Age ≥ 18 years. 5. Adequate liver function as defined by: - ALT < 5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) - AST < 5 X institutional ULN - Total bilirubin < 5 X institutional ULN 6. Both men and women of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial. 7. Use of antidepressants is permitted if dose has been the same for at least 12 weeks prior to study entry if patient still DOES NOT meet exclusion criteria #3. 8. Women of child-bearing potential and men with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform the study team and her treating physician immediately. Urine pregnancy testing will be done throughout the trial for women of childbearing potential. 9. Must read and understand English fluently. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Receiving another investigational agent on a clinical trial that prohibits participation in other studies of investigational agents. 2. Meets Mini International Neuropsychiatric interview (MINI) criteria for major depression, schizophrenia, bipolar illness, delirium or psychosis. 3. Has moderate to severe depression according to both the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Rated 16 (QIDS-SR-16) score of ≥ 11 AND a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) Depression subscale score of ≥ 8. 4. Has Suicidal Risk Assessment (SRA) scores ≥ 6. 5. Use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors within 14 days of study entry. 6. Diagnosed with melanoma or lymphoma cancer of the head and neck. 7. Diagnosed with Stage I or II pancreatic cancer or with anticipated survival of less than three months. 8. History of allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to ketamine. 9. Severe cardiac insufficiency (NYHA III or IV), with uncontrolled and/or unstable cardiac or coronary artery disease. 10. History of significant tachyarrhythmia, severe angina, or myocardial ischemia 11. Poorly controlled hypertension (Systolic Blood Pressure > 180 mmHG or Diastolic Blood Pressure > 100 mmHG), with or without antihypertensives. 12. If a woman is or becomes pregnant or is nursing at any time before or during the treatment period, she will be excluded from the study. 13. Score of ≥ 8 on the WHO Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT, sensitivity of 0.8).


NCT ID:

NCT02442739


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Scott Irwin, MD, PhD
Cedars-Sinal Medical Center

Jaime Richardson
Phone: 310-423-2133
Email: cancer.trial.info@cshs.org


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Los Angeles, California 90048
United States

Jaime Richardson
Phone: 310-423-2133
Email: cancer.trial.info@cshs.org

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 19, 2017

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