Houston, Texas 77030


Purpose:

This study is for patients that have a type of brain cancer called Glioblastoma (GBM). The body has different ways of fighting infection and disease. No single way seems perfect for fighting cancers. This research study combines two different ways of fighting cancer: antibodies and T cells. Antibodies are types of proteins that protect the body from infectious diseases and possibly cancer. T cells, also called T lymphocytes, are special infection-fighting immune cells present in the blood that can kill other cells, including cells infected with viruses and tumor cells. Both antibodies and T cells have been used to treat patients with cancers. They have shown promise, but have not been strong enough to cure most patients. The antibody used in this study is called anti-HER2 (Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2). This antibody sticks to GBM cells because of a substance on the outside of these cells called HER2. Up to 80% of GBMs are positive for HER2 . HER2 antibodies have been used to treat people with HER2-positive cancers. For this study, the HER2 antibody has been changed so that instead of floating free in the blood it is now attached to T cells. When an antibody is joined to a T cell in this way it is called a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR). These CAR-T cells seem to be able to kill tumors like the one these patients have, but they don't last very long and so their chances of fighting the cancer are limited. Therefore, developing ways to prolong the life of these T cells should help them fight cancer. These HER2-CAR T cells are an investigational product not approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The purpose of this study is to find the largest safe dose of HER2-CAR T cells, to learn what the side effects are, and to see whether this experimental intervention might help patients with GBM who volunteer to test this new agent.


Study summary:

First, to find out if HER2 is expressed in the patient's GBM, the investigators will need to obtain the tissue block or tissue specimen that was used to make the original diagnosis. If there is enough material, investigators may also look for other proteins that may be targets for this sort of immune therapy in the future. Up to 90mls (18 tsp) of blood will be drawn on two occasions for a total of 180mls (36tsp). The total amount of blood drawn will not be more than 3 ml (less than 1 teaspoon) per 2.2 lbs of body weight. To make HER2 CAR T cells the investigators will introduce the HER2 CAR gene into patient's T cells. To get the HER2 antibody to attach to the surface of the T cells, investigators will insert the antibody gene into the T cells. This is done with a virus called a retrovirus that has been made for this study and will carry the antibody gene into the T cell. This virus also helps the investigators find the T cells in patient's blood after they inject them. Most of the cells generated will be frozen and stored to give back to the patient. This is a dose escalation study. This means that at the beginning, patients will be started on the lowest dose (1 of 3 different levels) of T cells. Once that dose schedule proves safe, the next group of patients will be started at a higher dose. This process will continue until all 3 dose levels are studied. If the side effects are too severe, the dose will be lowered or the T-cell infusions will be stopped. The patient will be given a single injection of cells into a special catheter that a neurosurgeon will implant into the tumor or the cavity left in the brain after surgical removal. Before the patient receives the injection, they may be given a dose of Tylenol. The injection will take between 1 and 10 minutes. The patient will be admitted for overnight observation after the T-cell injection. The injection of T cells will be given by the Center for Cell and Gene Therapy at Houston Methodist Hospital. If the patient has stable disease (the tumor did not grow), there is a reduction in the size of patient's tumor on imaging studies, or if the patient's disease has progressed but his health status is stable after the T-cell injection (at least 6 weeks after), they can receive additional doses of the T cells at 6 to 12 week intervals if they wish. Additional doses of T cells will be given at the current dose being assessed on the study. Therefore, the dose the patient receives for additional doses may be higher than the initial dose they received. Before being treated, the patient will receive a series of standard medical tests:physical exam, blood tests to measure blood cells, kidney and liver function,' pregnancy test if the patient is a female who could potentially become pregnant or might be pregnant, measurements of patient's tumor by routine imaging studies. The patient will receive standard medical tests when they are getting the infusions and after: physical exams, blood tests to measure blood cells, kidney and liver function, measurements of patient's tumor by routine imaging studies 6 weeks after the infusion. To learn more about the way the HER2-CAR T cells are working and how long they last in the body, an extra amount of blood, based on patient's weight, up to a maximum of 60 mL (12 teaspoons) of blood will be taken on the day of the T-cell infusion (before and 1 to 4 hours after the T-cell infusion), 3-4 days after the infusion (this one is optional), 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks after the T-cell infusion and every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 4 years, then yearly for a total of 15 years. This volume is considered safe, but may be decreased if the patient is anemic. This sample will be kept in a coded manner so that only the study staff may identify the patient. During the time points listed above, if the T cells are found in patient's blood at a certain amount, an extra 5ml of blood may need to be collected for additional testing. To see if there are any long-term side effects of gene transfer, the investigators will follow the patient up to 15 years. If the patient receives additional T-cell infusions after the first one, they will have the same tests and blood draws as described above. If the patient has a tumor biopsy or lumbar puncture to obtain CSF performed any time while they are on the study, a sample of this will be requested for research purposes. If the patient develops a second abnormal growth, significant blood or nervous system disorder during the trial, a biopsy sample of the tissue will be tested for research purposes (if a sample can be obtained).


Criteria:

Inclusion criteria at the time of procurement. - Recurrent or refractory GBM - Subjects having a tumor resection - Karnofsky score of greater than or equal to 60 - Informed consent explained to, understood by and signed by subject/guardian. Subject/guardian given copy of informed consent Exclusion Criteria at the time of procurement: • Known HIV positivity Treatment Inclusion criteria: - Recurrent or refractory HER2-positive* GBM * Immunohistochemistry (IHC) or RT-PCR will be used to determine HER2 positivity. Results will be compared to standard controls. HER2 expression in tumors on IHC should be greater than or equal to grade 1 and greater than or equal to 1+ intensity score. Wherein grades are defines as: Grade 0: no staining; Grade 1: 1-25%; Grade 2: 26-50% and Grade 3: 51-100% of cell staining for HER2 and intensity scores are: negative; 1+; 2+ and 3+ using breast cancer standard arrays as a guide for intensity. - Intracranial catheter (such as Rickham or Ommaya) in place - Age ≥ 18 years - Life expectancy ≥ 6 weeks - Karnofsky score ≥ 60 - Bilirubin less than or equal to 3x normal, AST less than or equal to 5x normal, ALT less than or equal to 5x, serum creatinine less than or equal to 2x upper limit of normal for age, and Hgb greater than or equal to 8.0 - Pulse oximetry of greater than or equal to 90% on room air - Sexually active subjects must be willing to utilize one of the more effective birth control methods for 6 months after the T cell infusion. The male partner should use a condom - Available autologous transduced T lymphocytes with greater than or equal to 15% expression of HER2 CAR determined by flow-cytometry and killing of HER2-positive targets greater than or equal to 20% in cytotoxicity assay - Subjects should have been off other investigational antineoplastic therapy for two weeks prior to entry in this study. Temozolomide will be allowed up to 48 hours preinfusion. Dexamethasone up to a total dose of 2 mg per day will be allowed if medically indicated - Informed consent explained to, understood by and signed by research subjects/guardian. Subject/guardian given copy of informed consent. Treatment Exclusion Criteria: - Severe intercurrent infection - Known HIV positivity - Pregnant or lactating - History of hypersensitivity reactions to murine protein-containing products.


NCT ID:

NCT02442297


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Nabil M Ahmed, MD
Baylor College of Medicine/ Texas Children's Hospital

Nabil M Ahmed, MD
Phone: 832-824-4611
Email: nmahmed@txch.org


Backup Contact:

Email: taraj@bcm.edu
Tara Gray
Phone: 832-824-4391


Location Contact:

Houston, Texas 77030
United States

Nabil M Ahmed, MD
Phone: 832-824-4611
Email: nmahmed@txch.org

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 17, 2017

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