New York, New York 10021


Purpose:

Early changes associated with the development of smoking-induced diseases, e.g., COPD and lung cancer (the two commonest causes of death in U.S.) are often characterized by abnormal airway epithelial differentiation. Airway basal cells (BC) are stem/progenitor cells necessary for generation of differentiated airway epithelium. Based on our preliminary observations on SAE BC cells and FGFR2 signaling, we hypothesized that suppression of FGFR2 signaling in the SAE BC stem/progenitor cells by cigarette smoking renders these cells less potent in generating and maintaining normally differentiated SAE, shifting these cells towards a COPD associated phenotype. To test this, SAE basal cells will be isolated from cultured cells obtained through bronchoscopic brushings and analyzed through in vitro assays for their stem/progenitor capacities.


Study summary:

Changes within the small airways of the lungs represent the key element in the mechanism of COPD, as they precede the development of emphysema and contribute to the progressive decline in expiratory airflow. One of the key features of COPD is the remodeling of the small airway epithelium (SAE), and COPD SAE phenotypes are often induced by smoking and broad gene expression changes in the SAE. Many of the specific mechanisms for maintenance and regeneration of small airways and differentiated SAE in adult human lungs are largely unknown, but smoking associated defects in the maintenance of the SAE may be an early event of COPD. Preliminary data from murine studies have indicated that fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) signaling is critical for lung architecture and development, and preliminary evidence has shown the FGFR2 pathway is down regulated within the small airway epithelium (SAE) of smokers and smokers with COPD. We hypothesize that the suppression of FGFR2 signaling in SAE BC stem cells by cigarette smoking causes these cells to become less potent, shifting the expression of normally differentiated SAE towards the COPD-associated small airway phenotype and therefore affecting the generation and maintenance of these cells. Using technologies established in our laboratories, pure populations of BC will be isolated from the SAE of healthy nonsmokers, healthy smokers, and COPD smokers. The stem/progenitor cell capacities of the SAE BC of each group will then be analyzed through the use of 3D modeling. The basic mechanisms of COPD will be tested by focusing on the phenotypes present in the lungs of COPD patients and comparison to their nonsmoker and healthy smoker counterparts. The 3 aims will be assessed in parallel, with all aims sharing in the biologic samples: Aim 1 (n=60). To determine whether BC from the SAE of COPD smokers have reduced capacity to generate normally differentiated SAE, e.g initiate airway branching and repair in response to injury in vitro but generate airway epithelium with the phenotype similar to that present in SAE of COPD smokers in vivo. Aim 2 (n=20). To test the hypothesis that FGFR2 signaling is necessary for normal SAE BC stem cell function and suppression of FGFR2 caused by inhibitors and smoking associated factors (EGF and TGF- beta) leads an altered stem cell functional phenotype similar to SAE BC from COPD smokers with reduced capacity as characterized by Aim 1. Aim 3 (n=40). To assess the hypothesis that increasing FGFR2 signaling and suppressing smoking induced EGF receptors and TGF-beta pathways will restore the FGFR2 expression and normalize the capacity of SAE BC stem cells to generate and maintain normally differentiated SAE.


Criteria:

Samples from newly recruited research subjects will be collected under the IRB approved protocol "Collection of Airway, Blood and/or Urine Specimens from Subjects for Research Studies" (IRB # 1204012331) or may have been collected under previous IRB approved collection protocols: #0005004439, #0005004440, and #0905010391. Inclusion Criteria: - Must be capable of providing informed consent - Males and females, age 18 or older - Nonsmoking, matched with other groups by age, sex, ethnic/racial group - Good overall health without history of chronic lung disease, including asthma, and without recurrent or recent (within 3 months) acute pulmonary disease - Normal physical examination - Normal routine laboratory evaluation, including general hematologic studies, general serologic/ immunologic studies, general biochemical analyses, and urine analysis - Negative HIV serology - Normal chest X-ray (PA and lateral) - Normal electrocardiogram - Females - not pregnant - No history of allergies to medications to be used in the bronchoscopy procedure - Not taking any medications relevant to lung disease or having an effect on the airway epithelium - Willingness to participate in the study Exclusion Criteria: - Unable to meet the inclusion criteria - Pregnancy - Current active infection or acute illness of any kind - Current alcohol or drug abuse - Evidence of malignancy within the past 5 years


NCT ID:

NCT02341326


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Renat Shaykhiev, MD
Weill Cornell Medical College, NY

Grace Mammen, BA, CCRP
Phone: 6469622672
Email: gwm2004@med.cornell.edu


Backup Contact:

Email: aio2001@med.cornell.edu
Aileen Orpilla, BE, CCRP
Phone: 646-962-2672


Location Contact:

New York, New York 10021
United States

Grace Mammen, BA, CCRP
Phone: 646-962-2672
Email: gwm2004@med.cornell.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 23, 2017

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