The investigators seek to adapt, implement and evaluate a randomized controlled trial of an
evidence based intervention delivered by Apache interventionists to reduce HIV/AIDS risk,
targeting Apache adolescents. Specific study objectives include:
1. To perform formative research through focus groups and individual interviews on
attitudes, practices and intervention preferences among Apache adolescents and
2. To adapt the Focus on Youth (FOY) evidence-based intervention using findings from the
formative research, components of Protection Motivation Theory, and input from a
community advisory board.
3. To enroll 304 White Mountain Apache youth ages 13-19 to participate in a randomized
intervention trial measuring behavior change at 6- and 12- months follow-up.
4. To determine the feasibility of gathering biological specimens via self-administered
swabs to track sexually transmitted diseases among 18-19 year olds enrolled in this and
The general format of the study consists of a randomized controlled trial delivered through
the medium of an 8-day basketball camp. Intervention activities will consist of the daily
delivery of a youth HIV/AIDS prevention curriculum over the course of 8 days.
- American Indian ethnicity and primary residence and/or employment within the White
Mountain Apache (Fort Apache) Reservation. Participants must be aged 13-19 years and
have parent/guardian consent for youth under 18 years old.
- Youth that are unable to fully participate in the evaluation assessments or
intervention components will be excluded. In addition, individuals age 16 or older
that are listed on either the Federal or Tribal sexual offender registries will be
excluded from participation.