Patients with stage IV and V chronic kidney disease and end stage renal disease requiring
hemodialysis at UAB Dialysis Clinics will be recruited from the UAB Vascular Access Clinic,
which has been the site for recruitment of patients requiring new vascular access for the
last 10 years.
The main purpose of this research study is to conduct a research study to determine if
Sildenafil compared to placebo will improve the vascular health of arteries and veins before
arteriovenous fistula creation (shunt) and how quickly your veins and arteries dilate and
increase in blood flow after fistula creation. An arteriovenous fistula (shunt) is a
connection between the artery and vein in the arm for dialysis use. Another purpose of this
study is to determine if Sildenafil reduces the blood and tissue levels of oxidants prior to
fistula creation. Oxidants are harmful substances in the body that damage the cells tissues,
1. Age ≥19 years of age male or female
2. Chronic Kidney Disease Stage IV or V patients or End Stage Renal Disease Patient
requiring arteriovenous fistula surgery
1. Patient currently on nitrate therapy or any nitric oxide donor in any form
2. Patient currently on protease inhibitor or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase
3. Patient with resting systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure <
50 mm Hg.
4. Patient life expectancy < nine months.
5. Patient unable or unwilling to meet study requirements.