Indianapolis, Indiana 46062


Purpose:

The immunogenicity of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF) therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an important cause of loss of response to therapy that may lead to escalation of dose or discontinuation of therapy. Antibodies may develop to infliximab (ATI) or to adalimumab (ATA) and cause this loss of response, also known as a secondary loss of response. An alternative approach is the addition of immunomodulator (IM) therapy to counteract the antibody response and regain efficacy of the biologic medication. The investigators' goal is to treat patients' who have lost response to adalimumab or infliximab with an immunomodulator with the goal of eliminating the circulating antibodies to the anti-TNF and restoring efficacy.


Study summary:

The immunogenicity of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF) therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an important cause of loss of response to therapy that may lead to escalation of dose or discontinuation of therapy. Antibodies may develop to infliximab (ATI) or to adalimumab (ATA) and cause this loss of response, also known as a secondary loss of response. In an attempt to overcome these antibodies, dose escalation can be accomplished either by increasing the dose or shortening the interval between doses. The ability of dose escalation to overcome loss of response due to the presence of ATI or ATA remains controversial. Escalation of dose increases the cost of therapy substantially. If the decision is made to discontinue therapy after a secondary loss of response, a clinician may choose to switch to an alternate anti-TNF therapy of which there are currently only four. Loss of response to one agent predicts a lesser response to other anti-TNF agents and with a limited number of therapeutic options the goal should be to optimize therapy rather than to discontinue therapy. An alternative approach is the addition of immunomodulator (IM) therapy to counteract the antibody response and regain efficacy of the biologic medication. Three such IMs known to be effective in the treatment of IBD are azathioprine (AZA), 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) and methotrexate (MTX). The SONIC trial showed that patients on infliximab and azathioprine only developed antibodies at 4% of the time as opposed to those on infliximab monotherapy who formed ATI at 13%. The same principal was shown during the COMMIT trial in which patients on infliximab alone had ATI at a rate of 20% versus 4% on methotrexate plus infliximab. Ben-Horin et al. reported five patients treated initially with infliximab monotherapy whom had secondary loss of response based on clinical symptoms. These patients had ATI and all had undetectable troughs of infliximab. In all five patients ATI became undetectable, an adequate trough level was restored and the patients regained clinical response with the addition of an immunomodulator. Combination therapy with azathioprine and infliximab has led to a higher percentage of patients in steroid free remission than either drug alone. Our goal is to treat patients' who have lost response to adalimumab or infliximab with an immunomodulator with the goal of eliminating the circulating antibodies to the anti-TNF and restoring efficacy.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with inflammatory bowel disease who on are stable doses of infliximab or adalimumab for at least 3 months who experience a secondary loss of response to the medication based on clinical symptoms. - Presence of at least one objective marker of active disease: active disease based on endoscopy, elevated fecal calprotectin or serologic markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein or sedimentation rate). - Crohn's patients have a Harvey Bradshaw index >5 - Ulcerative colitis patients have a Ulcerative Colitis Clinical Score > 5 - Have an undetectable or inadequate trough level of infliximab or adalimumab and detectable ATI or ADA. - Oral corticosteroid therapy is allowed. (prednisone at a stable dose ≤30 mg/day, budesonide at a stable dose ≤9 mg/day, or equivalent steroid) provided that the dose has been stable for the 4 weeks immediately prior to enrollment if corticosteroids have recently been initiated Exclusion Criteria: - Previous noncompliant with medications - < 18 years of age or >80 years of age. - Congestive heart failure - Abnormal liver tests alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 2 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) or leucopenia WBC count <3 × 109/L - Pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant. - Active tuberculosis or hepatitis B infection - Any cancer within the past 5 years. (Exception non-melanomatous skin cancer.) - Receiving any immunomodulator therapy within the past 3 months - Evidence of or treatment for C. difficile infection within 60 days or other intestinal pathogen within 30 days prior to enrollment - Clinically significant extra-intestinal infection (e.g., pneumonia, pyelonephritis) within 30 days of the initial screening visit - Any live vaccinations within 30 days prior to study drug administration except for the influenza vaccine - Any identified congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (e.g., common variable immunodeficiency, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection, organ transplantation) - Any unstable or uncontrolled cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, endocrine/metabolic, or other medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, would confound the study results or compromise patient safety - Unable to give own informed consent


NCT ID:

NCT02413047


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Matthew Bohm, DO
IndianaU IRB

Matthew Bohm, DO
Phone: 317 944 0980
Email: mbohm@iu.edu


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Indianapolis, Indiana 46062
United States

Matthew Bohm, DO
Phone: 317-948-4579
Email: mbohm@iu.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2017

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