This is an interventional study assessing the effectiveness of Ticagrelor on the reduction
of thrombus burden using optical coherence tomography in patients undergoing peripheral
Prospective, randomized study, comparing ticagrelor + aspirin vs. aspirin monotherapy
following the 4-week post-procedural combination of Ticagrelor or Plavix with low dose
aspirin. The investigators will enroll a minimum of 40 patients. Patients will be enrolled
if they have either claudication and/or critical limb ischemia, and angiographically
identified superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease requiring intervention, with either
total occlusion or a significant SFA stenosis with the presence of Optical Coherence
Tomography (OCT) defined clot following stent placement.
Participants will be evaluated at baseline, 1 month, 4 months, 6 and 7 months following SFA
intervention. At baseline demographic data will be collected, and anthropomorphic and
physiological variables (body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure). Baseline and
6-month ankle brachial index (ABI) will be performed. A 6-min walk test will be performed at
baseline and 6-month follow-up. At 6 month time point patients in both treatment groups will
return for a peripheral angiogram and repeat OCT imaging of the SFA segments of interest.
Subject will have a final follow up clinic visit at 7 months.
- Patients with lower extremity claudication and PAD due to significant SFA stenosis
(>60%) or total occlusions (Rutherford 2-6) that affects the quality of life despite
- The presence of OCT identified clot in the Superficial Femoral Artery (SFA) following
- Evidence of significant SFA disease involving the most symptomatic limb established
by noninvasive vascular testing (ankle-brachial index [ABI] <0.9, toe brachial Index
[TBI] of <0.6. If ABI>1.4, SFA systolic acceleration time >140 milliseconds);
computed tomographic angiography, or magnetic resonance angiography confirming at
least a 60% stenosis of the SFA.
- At least one non-treated Below The Knee (BTK) vessel patent
- Male and female outpatients 18 years of age.
- The only following devices may be used for the revascularization procedures:
conventional balloons and bare metal stents (block randomization).
- Subject has been advised of the beneficial effects of smoking cessation and regular
exercise but must not be in the process of changing their smoking status at the time
of screening. Patients may resume or increase exercising as an effect of post
procedurally improved lower limb perfusion.
- Peak Walking Time (PWT) limited only by claudication.
- Willingness to participate, documented by written informed consent.
- Patients requiring dual anti-platelet drug treatment before start of study
- Planned amputation
- Use of atherectomy devices
- Hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid, or ticagrelor. For ticagrelor,
hypersensitivity reactions in the past include angioedema
- Patients with known bleeding disorders
- Patients with known active pathological bleeding
- Patients needing chronic oral anticoagulant maintenance therapy
- Patients with a history of intracranial hemorrhage at any time, GI bleed in the past
6 months, or major surgery within the past 30 days
- Ischemic stroke during the past 3 months
- Patients considered to be at risk of bradycardic events unless treated with a
- Target is a restenotic lesion or in-stent restenosis
- Any scheduled revascularization procedure requiring dual-anti-platelet therapy for
more than one month
- Severe hypertension that may put the patient at risk, systolic greater than or equal
to 180 and/or diastolic greater than or equal to 100
- Severe liver disease
- History of congestive heart failure with an Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF)
of less than 30%
- Concern for inability of the patient to comply with study procedures and/or follow up
(eg, alcohol or drug abuse)
- Infra-popliteal disease involving the last remaining vessel (single run-off)
- Prior lower extremity revascularization within the past 30 days prior to enrollment
- Atherectomy of PAD
- EXCIPIENTS to ticagrelor hypersensitivity
- Known pregnancy, breast-feeding, or intend to become pregnant during the study period
(all female patients 55 years and younger, without past history of hysterectomy must
have a pregnancy test prior to peripheral intervention at baseline and at 6 months)
- Creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min