Stanford, California 94305


Purpose:

The aim of this single-arm phase II clinical trial is to evaluate the anti-cancer activity of Talazoparib (also known as BMN 673) in patients with advanced breast cancer with specific genetic or tumor genomic alterations. Patients with either triple-negative or HER2-negative breast cancer are eligible.


Study summary:

Talazoparib (BMN 673) is a novel, dual-mechanism PARP inhibitor that potently inhibits the PARP enzyme and effectively traps PARP on DNA. Talazoparib has shown promising single-agent anti-tumor efficacy in several BRCA1/2 mutation-associated advanced cancers. The efficacy of PARP inhibition in BRCA1/2 wild-type TNBC with homologous recombination (HR) defects and in breast tumors with mutations in other non-BRCA1/2 HR pathway genes is currently unknown. This Phase 2 trial (TBB) explores the activity of single agent talazoparib in BRCA1/2 wild-type BC patients using an optimal Simon two-stage design. Eligible subjects will be assigned to one of two parallel cohorts: 1) Cohort A: Subjects (n=29) with advanced TNBC with underlying HR defects as assessed by the HRD assay and, 2) Cohort B: Subjects (n=29) with advanced HER2-negative BC with a somatic or germline mutation in a non-BRCA1/2 HR pathway gene. Gene mutations of interest are: PTEN, PALB2, CHEK2, ATM, NBN, BARD1, BRIP1, RAD50, RAD51C, RAD51D, MRE11, ATR, Fanconi anemia complementation group of genes (FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, FANCE, FANCF, FANCG, FANCL).


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - No deleterious germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation based on full sequencing and comprehensive rearrangement testing at an external reference laboratory (Myriad Genetics); patients with variants of unknown significance will be eligible - Patients must have measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 - Must have progressed on at least 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of advanced breast cancer; there is no upper limit on the number of prior therapies - An Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 - An estimated life expectancy of at least 16 weeks - Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); if liver function abnormalities are due to hepatic metastasis, then AST and ALT =< 5 x ULN - Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (=< 3 x ULN for Gilbert's syndrome) - Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min or serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dl - Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL with last transfusion at least 14 days before day 1 of study drug - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 - Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 - Able to take oral medications - Willing and able to provide written, signed informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained, and prior to any research-related procedures - Sexually active patients of childbearing potential must be willing to use an acceptable method of contraception such as an intrauterine device or double barrier contraception during treatment and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug - Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and be willing to have additional serum pregnancy tests during the study; females considered not of childbearing potential include those who have been in menopause at least 2 years, or had tubal ligation at least 1 year prior to screening, or who have had total hysterectomy - Willing and able to comply with all study procedures - COHORT A SPECIFIC ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: - Histologically confirmed metastatic or recurrent triple-negative breast cancer (defined as estrogen receptor =< 5%, progesterone receptor =< 5%, HER2-negative via immunohistochemistry [IHC] or fluorescent in situ hybridization [FISH]) - An HRD score >= 42 on the Myriad HRD Assay as assessed on a tumor biopsy sample; in the case that obtaining an adequate metastatic tumor biopsy is not possible, we will assess the HRD score from the primary breast tumor - COHORT B SPECIFIC ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: - Histologically confirmed metastatic or recurrent HER2-negative (via IHC or FISH) breast cancer - Deleterious germline or somatic mutation implicated in the homologous recombination (HR) pathway, excluding BRCA1 or BRCA2, based on germline multiplex gene testing or direct tumor next generation DNA sequencing. Genes of interest include: PTEN, PALB2, CHEK2, ATM, NBN, BARD1, BRIP1, RAD50, Rad51c, Rad51d, MRE11, ATR, FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, FANCE, FANCF, FANCG, FANCL, plus other HR-related genes at the discretion of the primary investigators. Exclusion Criteria: - Any patient with a deleterious mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2 - Prior treatment with a platinum agent (i.e. cisplatin or carboplatin) - Prior treatment with a PARP inhibitor - Non-measurable disease only - Pregnant or nursing patients - Any anti-cancer therapy within the past 21 days of the first day of treatment - Brain or central nervous system (CNS) metastases that are progressive or symptomatic, have not been previously resected or irradiated, or are the only site of measurable disease - Other malignancy that is either active or for which patient has received treatment in the last five years excluding non-melanoma skin cancer and carcinoma in situ of the cervix - Radiation therapy in the last 14 days - Known to be human immunodeficiency virus positive - Known active hepatitis C virus, or known active hepatitis B virus - Use of any investigational product (IP) or investigational medical device within 28 days before day 1 of study drug - Major surgery requiring a prolonged hospitalization or recovery within 21 days before day 1 of study drug - Concurrent disease or condition that would interfere with study participation or safety, such as any of the following: - Active, clinically significant infection either grade > 2 by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 or requiring the use of parenteral anti-microbial agents within 7 days before day 1 of study drug - Clinically significant bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy, including known platelet function disorders - Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of BMN 673


NCT ID:

NCT02401347


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Melinda L. Telli, M.D.
Stanford University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Stanford, California 94305
United States

Pei Jen Chang
Phone: 650-725-0866
Email: peijenc@stanford.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2017

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