While the majority of women in the general population can breastfeed successfully, the
investigators have limited knowledge about the correlates and sequelae of lactation success
among women treated for pediatric malignancies. Childhood cancer treatments are known to
cause late effects that frequently involve the endocrine system. Because normal lactation is
dependent upon interplay of multiple endocrine factors, the investigators anticipate more
breastfeeding difficulties in survivors that have diabetes, growth hormone deficiencies,
thyroid disorders and obesity. In order to more fully inform clinicians and female
survivors, the study of the burden of lactation failure is needed to begin to address the
impact of pediatric cancer therapy on lactation success/failure and to examine the
association of specific endocrine disorders on lactation outcomes.
Participants will complete a cross-sectional survey. Responses will be compared with a
national sample of healthy women from Project First (Infant Feeding Practices Survey II).
- To describe breastfeeding outcomes (intention, initiation, duration, and weaning) among
female SJLIFE protocol participants 18 years of age and older who reported a live
- To compare breastfeeding outcomes between childhood cancer survivors and healthy
- Participants in the SJLIFE protocol or patients in the After Completion of Therapy
(ACT) Clinic, both at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.
- 18 years of age or older
- At least one reported live birth after childhood cancer diagnosis and treatment.
- Unable to read and write.
- Unable to read and understand English.