Guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures have significantly evolved over the last 20 years.
Significant advances have been made with various barrier membranes with or without the use
of bone grafts and other materials. Some of the main limitations of non-resorbable barriers
included cytotoxicity and need for removal, which can adversely affect the regenerated bone
volume. Similar GBR success has been documented extensively with cell occlusive resorbable
barriers membranes. Recently, the investigators demonstrated supracrestal bone regeneration
in guided tissue regeneration procedures in humans with the use of novel perforated barrier
membrane (MPM). The perforation allows mesenchymal stem cells and other progenitor cells
present in the gingival tissues to migrate into the osseous defect and contribute to the
osseous regeneration potential.
The objective of this study is to investigate the GBR potential of MPM in alveolar ridge
defects, relative to a similar occlusive barrier. Ten non-smoking patients that need
localized alveolar ridge augmentation prior to implant placement will be included into the
study. Patients will be divided into two groups, as follows: occlusive bovine collagen
membrane (OM control group, 5 patients) and modified bovine perforated collagen membrane
(MPM test group, 5 patients). All sites will be grafted with mineralized cortical bone
allograft and when needed cortical bone pins will be use for site stability. A Cone Bean
(CT) will be obtained prior to surgery and 6-8 months post treatment from which volumetric
width changes will be quantify. A bone biopsy will be obtained at the time of implant
placement (~6-8 months) to determine residual graft particles and new bone formation.
Dimensional width changes will be assess at 6-8 months during re-entry for implant
placement. Soft tissue healing will be assessed at 2, 4, 8, 16 weeks and 6 months.
This study can potentially impact current bone augmentation techniques and may lead to the
modification of existing commercial membranes that will enhance site development prior to
implant placement. The contribution of progenitor cells to the osseous defect might lead to
greater bone formation and possible faster wound healing.
- at the augmentation site, the alveolar ridge must be deficient in a buccolingual
dimension (< 5.5 mm): Class 1 Seibert defects.
- alveolar ridges to be augmented must have a minimum of 4 mm of keratinized gingiva
extending the length of the planned augmentation.
- general contraindications to implant surgery
- subjected to irradiation, chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy over the past 5
- poor oral hygiene and motivation
- uncontrolled diabetes
- pregnant or lactating
- substance abusers
- current smokers
- psychiatric problems or unrealistic expectations
- acute infection in the area intended for implant placement
- positive to HIV and hepatitis B and C
- affected by autoimmune diseases such as arthritis rheumatoid, systemic lupus
erythematosus, sclerodermia, Sjo ̈gren syndrome and dermatomyositis polymyositis
- treated or under treatment with intravenous amino-bisphosphonates
- subjected previously to reconstructive procedures of the posterior mandible and
- under chronic treatment with steroids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs