Expired Study
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New York, New York 10018


Purpose:

Alcohol use is increasingly recognized as a key factor in morbidity and mortality among HIV-positive individuals and represents an important public health concern, given its associations with medication non-adherence, increases in viral load, poor immunologic outcomes (lower CD4 counts), drug resistance, lower health care utilization, comorbidities (HIV/viral hepatitis coinfection), and poor health outcomes overall. Adherence to HIV medications has a double public health benefit, both in terms of slowing disease progression and improving health outcomes among HIV-positive individuals and in helping to curb the sexual transmission of HIV. The objective of this study is to implement a multisite comparative effectiveness trial in real-world clinical settings with three intensities of treatment to test the clinical and cost effectiveness of an efficacious, theory-based behavioral intervention (PLUS) in improving ART-adherence and alcohol-related outcomes among HIV-positive individuals who drink alcohol at harmful or hazardous levels. The study is being conducted in collaboration between the Center for HIV Educational Studies and Training (CHEST) at Hunter College, CUNY and the Spencer Cox Center for Health at the Institute for Advanced Medicine, Mount Sinai Health System.


Study summary:

Alcohol consumption at harmful or hazardous levels among HIV-positive persons exacerbates health problems and accelerates HIV disease progression. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been the single most important treatment for people living with HIV to optimize viral suppression and slow disease progression. Adherence to ART has considerable public health implications, particularly given that optimal adherence decreases morbidity and mortality, decreases the potential for the development of drug resistant strains of HIV, and reduces HIV infectiousness. Project PLUS (Positive Living through Understanding and Support) was the first (and to our knowledge only) theory-based behavioral intervention, which integrates motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioral skills training, to demonstrate significant improvements in viral load, CD4 cell count, and self-reported adherence among a racially and ethnically diverse sample of HIV-positive women and men enrolled in a randomized controlled trial, and the first intervention for hazardous drinkers to demonstrate any significant effects. A clinic-based replication is the crucial next step in studying the intervention's effectiveness in the real world when delivered by HIV clinic providers to their patients. In collaboration with medical providers at the Spencer Cox Center for Health at the Institute for Advanced Medicine, Mount Sinai Health System, the largest provider of HIV medical care in the New York City area, our goals are to better understand alcohol-related outcomes among HIV-positive persons over the lifespan and to conduct a multisite comparative effectiveness trial with three intensities of treatment—the PLUS intervention, an enhanced treatment as usual (eTAU) condition, and treatment as usual (TAU) condition—to test the clinical and cost-effectiveness of the PLUS intervention in reducing alcohol use and improving ART adherence, viral load, and CD4 counts among HIV-positive hazardous drinkers. This study has the potential to exert a sustained and powerful impact on the effectiveness of ART interventions for HIV-positive persons with problematic drinking.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - HIV-positive - Currently receiving ART - Current VL ˃200 copies/ml - Report drinking at hazardous levels, operationalized as exceeding 14 standard drinks per week for men or exceeding 7 standard drinks per week for women Exclusion Criteria:


NCT ID:

NCT02390908


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Jeffrey T. Parsons
Hunter College of City University of New York


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

New York, New York 10018
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 16, 2018

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