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Beachwood, Ohio 44122


Purpose:

The goal of the study is to measure serial hormonal levels in patients undergoing clomiphene, letrozole, and a combination clomiphene and letrozole cycle. This information may help us to optimize less expensive medications for ovulation induction, reduce the number of treatment cycles to achieve a successful pregnancy, and use a medication regimen that may result in fewer multiple gestation pregnancies.


Study summary:

After the initial physician consultation and investigations have been completed, the treatment options will be reviewed with the patient. If the patient chooses ovulation induction with an oral medication, then she will be offered participation in the study. If she chooses to participate, the patient will then undergo ovulation induction with either clomiphene, letrozole, or a combination of both medications. The patient will be randomized to the order that each medication regimen will be started. Prior to starting each treatment cycle, a serum beta-hCG (serum beta-hCG < 5IU/L) or urine pregnancy test will be performed to rule out pregnancy. During one treatment cycle, the patient will take 100mg clomiphene orally from cycle days 3-7. This dose is routinely used for ovulation induction in the investigators clinic. Blood work including an estradiol (E2), FSH, inhibin B and LH will be obtained on cycle days 3, 7, and 9. As these lab tests are routinely performed in the investigators REI laboratory, there will be no additional cost to the patient. A baseline follicle count by ultrasound during each treatment cycle will be measured on cycle day 3, and then again on cycle day 12, 13, or 14, depending on the cycle length until the lead follicle is 18mm or greater. Once at least one follicle has reached this mature size, an Ovidrel trigger (250 mcg hCG subcutaneously) will be administered to initiate ovulation. The patient will have an intrauterine insemination (IUI) 36 hours after Ovidrel injection. These procedures are the current standard of care in the investigators fertility center for patients with unexplained infertility. Ovulation during each treatment cycle will also be confirmed with a serum progesterone measurement >3 nmol/L on cycle day 20-25. This blood test is not always performed, but is a common way to assess ovulation. If the patient ovulated, a pregnancy test will be performed approximately 2 weeks later. If pregnancy has not occurred, the next medication would be attempted after the patient has a period. During the second treatment cycle, the patient will take 5mg Letrozole orally from cycle days 3-7. The remainder of the prior protocol for the clomiphene cycle would then be performed. This medication dose and protocol are also the current standard of care in the investigators fertility center. During the third treatment cycle, the patient will take a dose of 5mg Letrozole every night and 100mg clomiphene every day after lunch from cycle days 3-7. The remainder of the prior protocol for the clomiphene cycle would then be performed. This combination dose would be the experimental portion of the protocol, as it has been done before, but is not currently standard of care in the investigators fertility center. If the patient does not ovulate despite giving hCG subcutaneously or the lead follicle never reaches >/= 18mm, that treatment cycle will be abandoned. After the patients next period, she will be started immediately on the next treatment cycle. If, upon failing to ovulate with any of the medication regimens, a subject declines to continue with the next medication and would prefer to go straight to gonadotropin treatment with or without IVF treatment, the subject will still remain as part of the study and only the US and bloodwork values obtained while still involved in the study will be included. A subject will have completed the study after one cycle of clomiphene, one cycle of letrozole, and one cycle of combination clomiphene/IUI have been achieved. For patients that do not achieve a pregnancy at the end of the study, they will have the option to undergo other fertility treatments that will be discussed with their primary fertility specialist.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Age 18-40 years old - Body mass index (BMI) > 18 kg/m^2 and < 40kg/m^2 - No contraindications to clomiphene or letrozole - Ovulatory women - 1 month without any fertility medication Exclusion Criteria: - Patients unable to consent for the study - Patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome or anovulatory women


NCT ID:

NCT02377479


Primary Contact:

Gretchen Collins, MD
Phone: 216-285-5028


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Beachwood, Ohio 44122
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 16, 2018

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