The primary objective of this exploratory imaging study is to further characterize
[18F]T807, an investigational PET radioligand for imaging Tau (thought to be a downstream
biomarker indicative of neurodegeneration in conditions such as AD).
For all Subjects:
- Written informed consent or assent is obtained
- Female subjects/volunteers must be either surgically sterile (by means of
hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation) or post-menopausal for at
least 1 year or, if they are of childbearing potential, must commit to the use of two
effective contraception methods for the duration of the study.
- Male subjects/volunteers and their partners of childbearing potential must commit to
the use of two effective methods of contraception, one of which should be a barrier
method for male subjects.
Prodromal and Mild Alzheimer's Disease Subjects
- Males and females aged between 50 and 90 years.
- Study partner has noticed a recent gradual decrease in the subject's memory (e.g.,
over the prior 12 months), which the subject may or may not be aware of.
- For prodromal subjects, abnormal memory function at screening or 4 weeks prior to
screening based on the FCSRT-IR of:Free recall <17, or Total recall <40, or Free
recall <20 and total recall <42.
- Individuals with mild AD must meet the criteria based on the National Institute of
Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related
Disorders Association and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,
Version 5, criteria. This evidence may be compiled during screening but must be fully
documented in the subject's study file before the baseline visit.
- Have an MMSE (Folstein et al. 1975) score at screening >20.
- Have an Amyvid (florbetapir F 18 injection) scan at screening that demonstrates
amyloid binding based on qualitative analysis (visual read) that meets the criteria
- Modified Hachinski Ischemia Scale (Moroney et al. 1997) score of ≤ 4.
- A neuroimaging evaluation of the brain by MRI that supports a diagnosis of AD with no
evidence of focal disease to account for dementia or MRI exclusion criteria.
- Medications taken for symptomatic treatment of AD must be maintained on a stable
dosage regimen for at least 4 weeks before the [18F]T807 imaging visit.
- Able to participate in all scheduled evaluations.
- The subject has an appropriate caregiver or community dwelling with a caregiver
capable of accompanying the subject on all visits to the center as judged by the
- In the opinion of the investigator, the subject and caregiver will be compliant and
have a high probability of completing the study.
- Males and females aged between 20 and 90 years. Younger healthy controls will be aged
20-49 and older healthy controls will be aged 50-90.
- Healthy volunteers with no clinically relevant findings on physical examination at
screening and upon reporting for the [18F]T807 imaging visit.
- No suspicion of cognitive impairment/early dementia from MMSE as judged by the
- No concomitant medications, over-the-counter, supplement, or any other agent intended
to improve cognition or prevent cognitive decline
- A negative Amyvid (florbetapir F 18 injection) scan at screening based on qualitative
analysis (visual read).
For All subjects:
- Current or prior history of any alcohol or drug abuse.
- Severe systemic disease based on history and physical examination.
- Positive result on urine screen for illicit drugs.
- Laboratory tests with clinically significant abnormalities
- Clinically significant unstable medical or psychiatric illness.
- Positive test for hepatitis B or C or HIV.
- Prior participation in other research protocols or clinical care in the last year
such that radiation exposure is >15 mSv and participation in this study would require
the subject/volunteer to exceed the annual limits.
- Pregnancy or breastfeeding.
- Current or prior history of coagulopathy.
- The subject has evidence of clinically significant gastrointestinal, cardiovascular,
hepatic, renal, hematological, neoplastic, endocrine, neurological, immunodeficiency,
pulmonary, or other disorder or disease.
- History of significant drug and/or food allergies, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid
reaction to any allergen.
- Contraindication for arterial cannulation.
- Unsuitable veins for repeated venipuncture.
- MRI exclusion criteria include: non-AD pathology such as infectious disease,
space-occupying lesions, normal pressure hydrocephalus, or any other abnormalities
associated with significant CNS disease
- Any lacunar infarct in a strategically important location known to lead to cognitive
impairment such as the thalamus, hippocampus of either hemisphere, or head of the
- Severe sub-cortical microvascular disease (Fazekas score of 3 for deep white matter
hyperintensities) (Fazekas et al. 1987)
- Territorial infarct or macroscopic hemorrhage (>10 mm)
- Implants such as implanted cardiac pacemakers or defibrillators, insulin pumps,
cochlear implants, metallic ocular foreign body, implanted neural stimulators, CNS
aneurysm clips or other medical implants that have not been certified for MRI, or
history of claustrophobia in MRI
- Observed claustrophobia at screening
- Ferromagnetic foreign bodies, such as metal shrapnel or bullet fragments, need to be
considered on an individual basis