This is a randomized controlled trial to study a nutrition education intervention in
individuals with spinal cord injuries both in the acute rehabilitation setting (n = 100) and
the community setting (n = 100). Participants in the treatment group will receive six
interactive nutrition lectures based upon a successful program that has been used in older
adults titled "Eat Smart, Stay Well". The goals of intervention are to improve whole-grain,
fruit and vegetable, and low-fat dairy intake and reduce fat and saturated fat intake.
Secondary outcomes will include improvements in waist circumference of body mass index and
some biomarkers such as cholesterol and blood sugar.
The prevalence of SCI is significant. Obesity, diabetes, and CVD are more prevalent in the
SCI population. Many individuals with SCI are unable or have a limited capacity to exercise.
This reality makes good nutrition even more urgent. This study will be the first to test
whether additional nutrition education can improve nutrition behavior and knowledge, diet
quality, adiposity, and metabolic CVD risk factors in individuals with SCI and to determine
the best setting to deliver nutrition education to individuals with SCI.
- American Spinal Injury Association classification A, B, C as long as they are not
- Stage III or IV pressure ulcers, pregnancy, end-stage renal disease, treatment for
cancer except for nonmelanoma skin cancer within the past five years, and chronic,
nontobacco substance-abuse, cognitive impairment with inability to learn