This study will evaluate whether treatment with the α1-agonist, midodrine, reduces
subjective orthostatic lightheadedness as measured by the Non-Motor Symptoms Scale for
Parkinson's Disease (NMSS) questionnaire, in patients with (positive control group, OH) or
without documented orthostatic hypotension(orthostatic intolerance, OI). It will also
demonstrate the effect of treatment with an α1-agonist, midodrine, on beat-to-beat blood
pressure and heart rate response during Valsalva maneuver (measured by Continuous
Non-invasive Arterial Pressure, CNAP) in patients with OI or OH and evaluate the
relationship to symptom improvement.
This will be a cross-over study where participants with OI will be randomized to initially
receive midodrine or placebo then crossed over to the opposite treatment after three weeks
(2 weeks on midodrine or placebo plus one week wash out period). The control group will
consist of participants with OH and PD being treated with midodrine. Basic demographic data
including will be collected from the medical record of each participant after consent. At
each study visit, each participant will undergo traditional measurement of blood pressure
and heart rate as well as measurement of beat-to-beat blood pressure and heart rate using
CNAP™ during valsalva maneuver and in response to standing for 5 minutes after sitting.
Symptoms of orthostatic intolerance will be measured during the study visit using Domain 1
of the Non-Motor Symptoms Scale for Parkinson's Disease (NMSS). At the initial study visit,
participants will also be administered first dose of midodrine or placebo. Supine sitting,
and standing systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse rates will be measured
immediately before and 1 hour after the administration of drug or placebo. This blood
pressure monitoring process will take place at each of the four study visits.
1. Patients with a diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's Disease
2. Those patients with measured orthostatic hypotension will be included in the positive
3. Those patients without measurable orthostatic hypotension who have symptoms of
lightheadedness on standing will be included in the study group
1. Diagnosis of degenerative parkinsonian syndromes other than idiopathic Parkinson's
2. Inability to stand independently and remain standing for 5 minutes
3. Cognitive impairment that is significant enough to affect the ability of the patient
to provide informed consent or to reliably report orthostatic symptoms
4. Patients with a pacemaker will also be excluded because the study is measuring heart
rate responses which could potentially be altered by a pacemaker
5. Because this study will be using a drug that can affect blood pressure, those
patients with a standing BP of > 139/90 and heart rate <60 will be excluded
6. Because this study will be using a drug that can affect supine hypertension, those
patients with a supine BP of >139/90 and heart rate <60 will be excluded
7. Current treatment with other drugs for orthostatic hypotension such as
8. Patients on phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, phenylpropanolamine,
9. Patients with acute or chronic renal failure (GFR <60)
10. Patients with a history of pheochromocytoma, urinary retention, severe cardiac
disease, history of congestive heart failure, diabetes, narrow-angle glaucoma,
arrhythmias, bradycardia, severe hyperthyroidism, severe difficult urination (due to
urinary retention or enlarged prostate)
11. Pregnant or breast-feeding women.
12. Women of childbearing potential with no effective contraceptive method of birth
control and/or who are unwilling or unable to be tested for pregnancy.
13. Women of childbearing potential must have a confirmed negative pregnancy test at
screening and randomization visits. They must use an effective contraceptive method
throughout the study, and agree to repeat urine pregnancy test at designated visits.
The applied methods of contraception have to meet the criteria for a highly effective
method of birth control (condoms, FDA approved oral contraceptives, patches,
injections, rings, IUD).
14. Patients with known drug allergy or hypersensitive to midodrine.