The questions proposed by this study are those of safety and efficacy.
1. Concerning safety: "Are sublingual food drops (SLIT) safe enough to be used for
stimulation of natural immune suppression in patients with food allergies?"
2. Concerning efficacy: "Do the drops suppress food allergy enough for patients to eat
previously allergic foods with little or no allergic reaction?"
The aim of this trial is to provide systematic collection of data proving the safety and
efficacy of food drops in the correction of food allergy. A patient's range of symptoms,
which can include but are not limited to fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal
pain, and insomnia can be diagnostic indicators of food allergies.
An approach to answering the above questions can be done by a randomized, controlled,
blinded study. The design of our study could be reasonable and powerful because this layout
limits bias and accounts for placebo effects:
The patients enrolled in our study will present with food allergy symptoms and diagnostic
tests will provide the specific information regarding their food allergies. Once the
diagnosis has been made and consent for treatment has been obtained, participants will be
randomly assigned to either the group that receives the food allergy intervention with SLIT
( food allergens mixed with 50% glycerin in a vial) or the group that receives the control
SLIT (glycerin only). The patients are truly blinded to their treatment because all the SLIT
food allergy vials are identical and contain no distinguishing features that could reveal
their contents. There is also no difference in taste between a vial containing glycerin and
food allergens and a vial containing only glycerin. Therefore, a food allergy SLIT
randomized-controlled study can be reasonably achieved.
Randomized-controlled blinded trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sublingual
immunotherapy for food allergy sufferers. The study will report any adverse events caused by
the administration of food allergy drops. Food allergy can manifest itself in many forms
including general fatigue, abdominal pain, GERD, nausea, and other symptoms.
Comparison between groups 1 and 2 about patient-reported adverse, as well as beneficial,
events while on food allergy immunotherapy at 3, 6, 9, 12 months after maintenance dose is
achieved (SLIT questionnaire). These comparisons relate to both safety and efficacy issues.
Trial subjects will be identified by their presenting complaints due to ingestion of certain
symptomatic foods. Clinical assessment of potential food allergy participants for SLIT will
occur according to usual testing standards. All participants will have diagnostic tests
(usually RAST analysis and or food challenge techniques) to confirm specific food allergies.
Subjects who meet the inclusion criteria will be asked to participate in the study through
informed consent. Once consent has been obtained, the subject will be randomly assigned to
either the control or the intervention group.
Group 1 (control group) will receive sublingual immunotherapy (escalation followed by
maintenance) with vials containing glycerin.
Group 2 (intervention group) will receive sublingual immunotherapy (escalation followed by
maintenance) with vials containing glycerin and the previously diagnosed food allergens.
After the offending foods are diagnosed, the subject will be instructed to avoid these foods
until they have been on the 9-week escalation doses and the maintenance immunotherapy dose
for six months. After this eight-month combined period of escalation and maintenance, the
participants will be allowed to reintroduce the known offending foods. In addition,
participants will be asked to respond to questionnaires at pre-defined intervals in regards
to any adverse symptoms they may have experienced while on maintenance SLIT. These
questionnaires will allow us to determine if food drops contribute to adverse events, as
well as how effective the drops are at suppressing immune response to previously allergic
At the initial clinic visit, potential subjects will be asked to elaborate on specific food
allergy symptoms in order to obtain a better understanding of the food allergies involved.
Also, diagnostic tests will be performed based on signs and symptoms and these can include:
1. Clinical History
2. Radioallergosorbent Test (RAST)
3. Oral Food Challenge Participants in the intervention group will receive SLIT with
glycerin and individualized food allergens. Subjects in the control group will receive
SLIT with glycerin only.
The expected length for an individual's participation is sixteen to eighteen months. This
period includes the time between the initial clinic visit and diagnostic work-up, the
achievement of SLIT maintenance dose, and the 3,6,9,12 month post-maintenance dose safety
Stopping rules apply to the intervention and placebo groups in the case of an adverse event.
1. Chronic, reproducible symptoms following meals.
2. Multiple food allergies where dietary avoidance is nearly impossible.
3. Patients age 4 and older.
4. Testing to verify food allergies is positive.
1. History of anaphylaxis, angioedema, asthma, or life-endangering reactions to certain
2. Children under the age of 4.
3. Previous attempts to treat food allergy (subcutaneous injections).
4. General medical condition that precludes elective therapy (including pregnancy).
5. Inability to follow food allergy SLIT regimen.
6. Autoimmune Disease.
7. Chronic use of steroids.