Expired Study
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Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to determine if one CT contrast agent (medication injected into a vein; used in CT examinations to help produce clearer images) is safer to use than another. This study will compare the safety of two widely-used, U.S. FDA approved contrast agents, Isovue and Omnipaque. The investigators hypothesize that there is no significant difference in the rates of contrast-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN) between these agents when the overall population consists of low-risk patients.


Study summary:

For patients without known kidney disease, it is exceptionally rare for the administration of CT contrast agents to injure the kidneys, and those rare injuries that do occur are almost always temporary (a week or two) and heal. Indeed, significant injuries are so rare that the kidney function in patients is not routinely checked after they receive CT contrast agents. There are many brands of contrast media in common use across the United States, and it has been thought in the past that all are similarly low in risk. The purpose of this study is to examine whether two different contrast materials might differ in their risk to the kidneys. We will perform a direct comparison of Omnipaque-300 (iohexol, 300 mg I/ml) and Isovue-300 (Iopamidol, 300 mg I/ml) low osmolality contrast agents to determine their relative CIN rates (as measured by serum creatinine concentration) in low-risk patients.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients 18 years of age and older - Patients referred for a contrast-enhanced CT examination. Such contrast- enhanced CT examinations include, but are not limited to, certain examinations of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, etc. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients less than age of 18 years of age - Pregnant patients - Patients unable to provide written informed consent - Patients in whom there are contraindications to the administration of intravenous contrast material (as detailed in out Department of Radiology intravenous contrast material use guidelines), including renal contraindications (such as a University of Michigan laboratory record of most recent serum creatinine concentration of >1.5 mg/dl or an estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR) <60 ml/min); if no serum creatinine is available, patients will be receive contrast material based on departmental guidelines - Patients who are undergoing therapy with agents purported to reduce the risk of CIN (such as acetylcysteine, theophylline, or intravenous hydration) - Patients who are unable to provide the follow-up serum creatinine concentration measurements - Patients undergoing CT examinations that utilize a higher concentration of iodine (for example, 370 mg I/ml contrast material) - Patients who have experienced allergic-like reactions to contrast; including patients who receive corticosteroid/antihistamine premedication to reduce the risk of an acute allergic-like reaction - Patients who do not receive the study criterion for dose of contrast material; and patients in whom a contrast extravasation of more than 5 ml occurs (so that it is not possible to determine how much contrast material the patient received as a direct intravenous injection) - Patients participating in other investigational drug, contrast material, or device trials


NCT ID:

NCT00734357


Primary Contact:

N/A


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 19, 2018

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