This study is a longitudinal follow-up of 670 primarily African-American women and their
17-year-old firstborn children enrolled since 1990 in a highly significant randomized
controlled trial (RCT) of prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses. Nurses in this
program are charged with improving pregnancy outcomes, child health and development, and
maternal economic self-sufficiency. This follow-up examines whether earlier program effects
on maternal and child functioning lead to less violent antisocial behavior, psychopathology,
substance use and use-disorders, and risk for HIV; whether these effects are greater for
those at both genetic and environmental risk; and whether program effects replicate those
found with whites in an earlier trial.
- Women who were enrolled in the New Mothers Study and their children as described in
Study Population Description.
- Women who were not enrolled in the New Mothers Study and their children as described
in the Study Population Description.