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Torrance, California 90509


Purpose:

This investigation is a prospective, open-label pharmacokinetic study of daptomycin prophylaxis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery without valvular replacement.


Study summary:

Cardiothoracic surgery is a commonly performed procedure in the United States. Many sites previously used cefazolin, an antibiotic, as standard prophylaxis to prevent surgical site infections. However, given most bacteria causing surgical site infections are now resistant to cefazolin, most center are using vancomycin, an alternative antibiotic, as surgical antibiotic prophylaxis. However, some patients cannot take vancomycin, and there are no well studied alternatives to vancomycin for surgical prophylaxis. Therefore, we are studying daptomycin, a newer FDA-approved antibiotic, as prophylaxis against surgical site infections among patients undergoing cardiothoracic bypass (CPB) with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Our study will not be powered to see if daptomycin is as effective as vancomycin at preventing surgical site infections. Instead, the purpose of this study is to validate that adequate levels of antibiotics are present in patients' blood during cardiothoracic bypass surgery. Study subjects in the intervention group will be followed from the time of enrollment in the study until their discharge from the hospital, or up to 7 days following administration of daptomycin, whichever comes first. The first 15 subjects enrolled will receive the intervention drug daptomycin as surgical antibiotic prophylaxis and the following 15 subjects will be enrolled as matched controls and will receive the standard of care surgical prophylaxis per the patient's treating physicians. The controls will undergo monitoring for the same safety outcomes that the patients who received daptomycin will undergo. Subjects enrolled in the intervention group will receive a single intravenous administration of daptomycin 8 mg/kg 30-60 minutes prior to surgery (incision). Blood samples will be drawn by the Research Coordinator. A total of 85 mL of blood will be collected during the study. A total of 14 blood samples will be collected: 4 samples at the Pre-CPB phase, 4 samples during the CPB procedure, and 6 samples Post-CPB. Total plasma daptomycin concentrations will be determined utilizing standard high-performance liquid chromatography techniques. Plasma concentrations will be compared to the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC90) of the common pathogens involved in surgical site infections, specifically Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase negative Staphylococcus.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Hospitalized patients, awaiting scheduled elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery without valve replacement surgery - Age > 18 years and < 75 years - BMI between 18.5 and 35.0 kg/m2 - Crcl > 50 ml/min calculated based on Cockcroft Gault equation - No known active or suspected infection(s) - Ability to complete the informed consent process - Negative pregnancy test (for women of childbearing age) Exclusion Criteria: - History of allergic reaction to daptomycin or components of daptomycin - Receipt of daptomycin within 7 days prior to the surgery - Elevated CPK levels (defined as > 3 times the upper limits of known normal) - History of myopathy or complaints consistent with myopathy - Current or planned use of mycophenolate mofetil, mycophenolic acid, or tobramycin during the subjects' current hospitalization (all of which are known to interact with daptomycin) - Inability to complete the informed consent process because of problems with mental capacity - Pregnancy and/or breast feeding


NCT ID:

NCT00701636


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Loren G Miller, M.D., M.P.H.
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Torrance, California 90509
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 16, 2018

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