To determine the safety and efficacy of a Vitamin K (Vit K) antagonist (warfarin) in
treating Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (MLD).
Vit K has an essential role in biosynthesis of sulfatides and other sphingolopids in the
brain. Administering warfarin, a Vit K antagonist, may ameliorate the phenotype in MLD by
decreasing t he amount of sphingolipid storage in the neuronal cells.
Study Design Prospective: we will enroll eligible consenting subjects into the study. The
study will not include a control group and the families and treating physicians are informed
administration of the drug.
1. Duration of Treatment: 4 weeks
2. Pharmacological Intervention: The patients will receive warfarin 1.5 mg at the
beginning of the study period. The dosage then will be adjusted to the INR values on
3. Clinical evaluation: The patients will undergo clinical assessment prior to starting
the treatment and at the end of the treatment period. The clinical assessment will also
include administration of Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), a clinical toll for
evaluation of motor development in children.
4. Urine Sulfatide Quantification: Urine samples for quantification of the sulfatide level
will be collected at the time of enrollment, after 2 weeks and at the end of treatment
5. Blood Monitoring: The patients will undergo blood test for PT/INR at baseline and
afterwards, at weekly bases for 4 weeks. The INR will be kept in a safe range of 2-2.5.
If the INR is greater than 4.0 the dosage of warfarin will be lowered and another blood
draw will be performed in 3 days.
- Children with MLD, 1 to 10 years of age who have received and failed bone marrow
transplantation or are excluded from the treatment due to delayed diagnosis or any
- Any Children with MLD who are eligible for and might receive ABMT.
- Any Children with MLD who suffer with a bleeding disorder, moderate to severe anemia
or any other hematological disorders.
- Any contraindications systemic for anti-coagulation