This study is a 5-year continuation of "The Mediterranean Lifestyle Program." The purpose of
this follow-up study is to determine the long-term effects from prior participation in an
intervention promoting healthful eating, exercise, quitting smoking, stress management, and
social support. Participants are post-menopausal women with type 2 diabetes.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death and functional limitations among
women in the U.S. Postmenopausal women with diabetes are at especially high risk of CHD, but
CHD research with this population is very limited. This project addresses the poorly
understood "natural history" of long-term maintenance of change in multiple behaviors (i.e.,
dietary, physical activity, social support, smoking cessation, and stress management)
related to CHD risk, as well as the effects of theoretically important mediating variables
on relapse and maintenance. The study is a continuation of a research project that has
already demonstrated significant and consistent positive effects of a lifestyle change
intervention on reduction of behavioral CHD risk factors. This research relies on a
framework that synthesizes social-cognitive, social-ecologic, and goal-systems theories.
Inclusion Criteria: All participants in the original study are eligible. The inclusion
criteria for the original study were:
- diagnosis of type 2 diabetes for at least 6 months
- being post-menopausal
- living independently (e.g., not in an institution or nursing home)
- having a telephone
- ability to read English
- not being developmentally disabled, and
- living within 30 miles of the Eugene-Springfield metropolitan area.
Exclusion Criteria: Exclusion criteria for the original study included:
- being older than 75 years of age
- having life-threatening illnesses, or
- planning to move from the local area within the time span of the study.