RATIONALE: An interactive computer program may be more effective than a brochure in
increasing colorectal cancer screening among African Americans.
PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying an interactive computer program to see
how well it works compared with a brochure in increasing colorectal cancer screening among
- Compare rates of participation in fecal occult blood testing and endoscopic screening
(colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy) among African-Americans who receive an interactive
computer intervention (ICI) versus a non-tailored colorectal cancer screening brochure.
- Examine mediators and moderators of intervention effectiveness as depicted in the
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Participants are stratified according to site, age (≤ 65 years old vs > 65 years old) and
gender. Participants are randomized to one of two arms.
- Arm I (non-tailored colorectal cancer screening brochure): Participants undergo a
baseline interview via telephone and receive a colorectal cancer screening brochure in
the clinic prior to visit with healthcare provider. Participants then undergo telephone
interviews at 1 week, 6 months, and 15 months.
- Arm II (interactive computer intervention [ICI]): Participants undergo a baseline
interview via telephone and complete an ICI in the clinic prior to visit with
healthcare provider. Participants then undergo telephone interviews at 1 week, 6
months, and 15 months.
- Currently being seen in the primary care clinics of Wishard Memorial Hospital
(Indianapolis, IN), Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Indianapolis, IN), IU
Health Family Medicine Center (Indianapolis, IN) or Norton Louisville Primary Care
Clinic (Louisville, KY)
- African-American who is currently non-adherent to screening guidelines, meeting all
of the following criteria:
- No fecal occult blood test in the past 12 months
- No sigmoidoscopy in the past 5 years
- No colonoscopy in the past 10 years
- Patients with average and increased risk for colorectal cancer are eligible
- No personal history of colorectal cancer
- Participants must have a telephone
- Able to read at a 5th grade reading level
- No medical condition that prohibits colorectal cancer screening
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- See Disease Characteristics