Memphis, Tennessee 38105


Purpose:

Human participants affected with sickle cell disease or thalassemia will donate bone marrow for use in experimental laboratory models to study potential new treatments. This is an observational study using bone marrow from human participants. The investigators will use sickle cell and thalassemia mouse models to observe and evaluate the possibility of correcting these disorders through genetic alterations or drug treatment.


Study summary:

These studies are designed to evaluate the potential of retroviral vector mediated gene transfer, gene editing, or drug treatment to correct the pathophysiology of sickle cell anemia and β-thalassemia. CD34+ cells purified from bone marrow of research participants with a sickle cell syndrome or a thalassemia syndrome will be subjected to genetic editing, drug treatment, or transduced with retroviral vectors containing γ-globin coding sequences under the control of the β-globin gene promoter and including various regulatory elements chosen to enhance gene expression and to insulate regulatory elements from cellular genes at or near the integration sites. The efficiency of gene transfer and the function of the globin transgene will be evaluated in erythroid cells derived from transduced progenitors and from the progenitors in the bone marrow of immunodeficient mice engrafted with transduced, primitive hematopoietic cells. The hypothesis to be tested in this research is that a gene therapy vector, gene editing strategy, or drug modality can be designed to achieve a potentially therapeutic level of globin gene expression in maturing erythroid cells.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with homozygous S/S disease or doubly heterozygous for S and β thalassemia who are 2 years or older are eligible. Patients with HbE- β- thalassemia or homozygous (severe) β-thalassemia are also eligible. Patients with thalassemia include those who are transfusion dependent (major) or severely anemic but relatively transfusion independent (intermedia). Diagnostic criteria include standard hematological parameters, red cell indices, hemoglobin electrophoresis and quantitative determination of HbF and HbA2. - Patients are eligible for participation in the protocol only if they are currently clinically stable and have been free of all acute disease manifestations for a minimum of 14 days. - Patients may participate while continuing their current therapeutic regimen including regular transfusion therapy or hydroxyurea administration. - In general, two categories of patients will be considered as research participants in this protocol. 1. Patients who are 18 years or older and therefore able to provide informed consent will be eligible. Such individuals will be recruited from among patients followed at SJCRH. In addition, individuals followed in an outside clinic who are recruited will be asked to come to the Hematology Clinic at SJCRH to enroll and have the procedure performed. Alternatively, if a patient who is 18 or older is to undergo a diagnostic or surgical procedure under general anesthesia, and they agree to participate in the study, the bone marrow aspirate will be obtained at that time. 2. Patients between the ages of 2 and 17 years who are scheduled for a diagnostic or surgical procedure at SJCRH or LeBonheur Children's Medical Center for which sedation or general anesthesia is indicated will be eligible for protocol enrollment. A bone marrow aspiration will be performed during the sedation or general anesthesia for the diagnostic or surgical procedure. Exclusion Criteria: - Active, acute manifestations of sickle cell disease including painful crisis, acute chest syndrome, cerebrovascular events or active infection. - Pregnant women will not be eligible for study enrollment. - Inability or unwillingness of the research participant or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent will preclude enrollment on this research protocol. - Platelet count < 150,000/mm^3 - Neutrophil count < 2000/mm^3 (unless on hydroxyurea therapy) - Neutrophil count < 1000/mm^3 for patients on hydroxyurea therapy - Prothrombin Time > 17 seconds - Partial thromboplastin Time > 43 seconds - History of excessive bleeding in the context of previous procedures including surgery and dental extractions


NCT ID:

NCT00669305


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Mitchell J. Weiss, MD, PhD
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Mitchell J. Weiss, MD, PhD
Phone: 866-278-5833
Email: referralinfo@stjude.org


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Memphis, Tennessee 38105
United States

Mitchell J. Weiss, MD, PhD
Phone: 866-278-5833
Email: referralinfo@stjude.org

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 16, 2018

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.


Click to view Full Listing

If you would like to be contacted by the clinical trial representative please fill out the form below.