This study proposes to transfer marker genes (detectable genetic traits or segments of DNA
that can be identified and tracked) into aliquots of marrow obtained for Bone Marrow
Transplant (BTM) in patients in remission of Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML).
The primary objective of this study was to estimate the continuous complete remission rate
at 2 years post transplant for children with AML in first complete remission treated with
Secondary objectives used transduction of marker genes into autologous marrow to determine
1. whether the source of relapse after BMT for AML is residual malignant cells in the
harvested marrow or in the patient, and whether marrow purging is therefore rational.
2. whether the majority of AML, which lack genetic markers, represent abnormalities in a
multi-lineage progenitor cell, and whether therefore, auto grafting/intensified
chemotherapy is ever likely to augment the cure rate.
3. the mechanisms of autologous reconstitution, and the effects of stimuli which modify
- Patients aged between 1 and 18 years at diagnosis with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia
in first remission are eligible for this protocol.
- Patients enrolled on the AML-87 study in second or subsequent remission are eligible
for this protocol.
- Has an HLA-matched, MLC-compatible donor(unless parents and/or patient refuses
- Diagnosis of FAB M3 or FAB M3v (acute progranulocytic leukemia)
- Life expectancy limited by disease other than leukemia
- Significant cardiac disease (echo shortening fraction <25% or MUGA scan <50%)
- Severe renal dysfunction, i.e., creatinine clearance less than 60cc/1.73 m2/min
- Severe restrictive pulmonary disease (FCV less than 40% of predicted)
- Severe hepatic disease (bilirubin greater than 3 mg/dl or SGPT greater than 500IU)
- Severe personality disorder or mental illness
- Previous severe cystitis from cyclophosphamide
- Previous total dose of anthracyclines of >450 mg/m2
- Sever infection that on evaluation by the PI precludes ablative chemotherapy or
- Previous autologous transplant
- HIV reactivity
- Karnofsky score <70%