Portland, Oregon 97239


Purpose:

This phase II trial studies how well magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using contrast imaging agent ferumoxytol works in comparison to standard imaging agent gadolinium in measuring tumors in patients undergoing treatment for brain tumors or other tumors that have spread to the brain. Diagnostic procedures, such as MRI, may help find and diagnose disease and find out how far the disease has spread. MRI scans use radio waves and a powerful magnet linked to a computer to create detailed pictures of areas inside the body. The contrast imaging agent ferumoxytol consists of small iron particles taken by the blood stream to the brain and to the area of the tumor. It is highly visible on the MRI, and may help visualize the blood flow going through the tumor better than gadolinium can. Using a more sensitive and faster 7 Tesla (7T) magnet MRI in conjunction with a contrast imaging agent may provide a better way to measure tumors than the 3 Tesla (3T) magnet MRI in patients with brain tumors.


Study summary:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare quantitative blood brain barrier permeability measurements (derived transfer coefficient [Ktrans]) of a standard gadolinium (Gd) MRI contrast agent at 3T and 7T using dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) MRI. II. To compare dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) based perfusion measures at 3T and 7T. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To describe the blood brain barrier permeability to ferumoxytol (ferumoxytol non-stoichiometric magnetite) and to a standard gadolinium-based MRI contrast agent using signal intensity changes as described above. II. To describe cerebral blood volume (CBV) measurements obtained using a standard gadolinium MRI contrast agent and ferumoxytol. III. To evaluate tumor microvascularity on susceptibility-weighted images (SWI). IV. To describe the microscopic distribution of ferumoxytol particles in tissue removed from subjects undergoing surgery. OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 3T or 7T magnet within the subgroups. Patients receive gadolinium intravenously (IV) on day 1 and ferumoxytol non-stoichiometric magnetite IV on day 2. Patients undergo anatomical MRI sequences with 3T or 7T at baseline and on days 1-3. Patients also undergo DSC MRI and DCE MRI on days 1-2. Day 1 and day 2 imaging sessions may be separated by up to 7 days. After completion of study, patients are followed up at approximately 4-6 weeks.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Subjects with radiographically suspected, histologically or cytologically confirmed primary brain tumors or brain metastasis are eligible - Subjects may have any extent of disease - Subjects must have had radiographically evaluable or measurable disease with standard magnetic resonance (MR) imaging - Subjects may or may not have had prior surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 3 (Karnofsky performance status [KPS] >= 30) - Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document, or have a representative able to consent for the subject - Sexually active women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; or abstinence) prior to study treatment and for the duration of study treatment; should a female become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately - Subject agrees to complete follow up visit Exclusion Criteria: - Subjects with clinically significant signs of uncal herniation, such as acute pupillary enlargement, rapidly developing motor changes (over hours), or rapidly decreasing level of consciousness - Subjects who have a contraindication for MRI: metal in their bodies (a cardiac pacemaker or other incompatible device), are severely agitated, need monitored anesthesia for scanning, or have an allergy to Gd contrast material - Subjects with known hepatic insufficiency or cirrhosis - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ferumoxytol - Subjects with known or suspected iron overload (genetic hemochromatosis or history of multiple transfusions) - Subjects expecting to undergo surgery between the imaging sessions; subjects may undergo surgery at any time before the first, or after the last imaging session; this exclusion only applies to each study visit (3 day scanning session), and does not apply to the time (at least 3 weeks) between each study visit - Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements - Pregnant or lactating women are excluded from this study - Inability or unwillingness to undergo the complete series of imaging sessions; inability or unwillingness to complete the one month follow-up - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive subjects on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible - Subjects with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 50 - Subjects with three or more drug allergies from separate drug classes


NCT ID:

NCT00659126


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Edward Neuwelt
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Portland, Oregon 97239
United States

Edward A. Neuwelt
Phone: 503-494-5626
Email: neuwelte@ohsu.edu

Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 18, 2018

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