Expired Study
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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104


Purpose:

Craniofacial reconstruction procedures are undertaken in young children to improve appearance, prevent functional disturbances, and enhance psychosocial development. These procedures involve wide scalp dissections and multiple osteotomies and have been associated with significant morbidity. The most commonly seen perioperative complications are associated with the rate and extent of blood loss. This prospective observational registry will be a research tool which will provide a means to evaluate perioperative management of these children at CHOP.


Study summary:

Craniofacial reconstructive surgery involves a surgical approach to the craniofacial region to repair cranial vault and facial deformities. These procedures are undertaken in young children to improve appearance, prevent functional disturbances, and enhance psychosocial development. The surgery is extensive, often requiring wide scalp dissections and multiple osteotomies and has been associated with significant morbidity. Reported complications include intra-operative cardiac arrest, massive blood loss, intraoperative tracheal extubation, venous air embolism, hypotension, coagulopathy, bradycardia, postoperative seizures, surgical site infections, facial swelling, and unplanned postoperative mechanical ventilation. The most severe and commonly seen problems are associated with the rate and extent of blood loss. Studies report estimated blood loss to average between 60% and 100% of the patient's estimated blood volume, with a range of 20-500%.(Hildebrandt et al 2007) The accurate and timely estimation of blood loss is very difficult and results in imprecise quantitative and qualitative replacement. Clinically important hypotension, metabolic acidosis, anemia, polycythemia, dilutional coagulopathy, cardiac arrest, and death are all related to blood loss. The creation of this prospective observational registry will provide a means to describe the incidence of these and other clinically important perioperative problems.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Males or females with ages from birth to 18 years. 2. Patients undergoing surgical procedures on the craniofacial region performed by plastic surgeons, neurosurgeons, or by plastic surgeons in concert with neurosurgeons. 3. Patients undergoing plastic surgical procedures involving a craniotomy, craniectomy, maxillofacial osteotomy, strip craniectomy, or other plastic surgical procedure involving bones of the head and face. 4. Parental/guardian permission (informed consent) and if appropriate, child assent. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients undergoing craniofacial plastic surgical procedures not involving bones of the head and face. 2. Patients not admitted to the intensive care unit following surgery. 3. Patients undergoing procedures only involving the mandible.


NCT ID:

NCT00658242


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Paul A Stricker, MD
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 17, 2018

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