This study will determine the risk of brain aneurysm (abnormal outpouching of a brain
artery) in young adults who had their carotid artery tied off as an infant as part of the
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) procedure. This procedure is sometimes performed
on newborns with lung problems so that they can have oxygen brought to their blood outside
the body. ECMO operates similar to a heart-lung machine. Blood drained from the veins has
the carbon dioxide removed and oxygen added. The oxygenated blood is then returned to the
body through the arteries.
People 18 to 25 years of age who underwent ECMO as an infant at the Children's National
Medical Center in Washington, D.C., may be eligible for this study.
Participants undergo the following procedures:
- Medical history and physical and neurological examinations.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head and neck. MRI uses a strong magnetic field
and radio waves to obtain images of body organs and tissues. The subject lies in the
scanner (a metal cylinder surrounded by a magnetic field) for about 90 minutes, lying
still for up to 15 minutes at a time. During part of the procedure, a contrast dye is
injected into a vein through a catheter (thin plastic tube) to enhance the images.
To assess whether the hemodynamic stress of long-term common carotid artery occlusion can
lead to cerebral aneurysm formation in young adults.
100 adults 18-25 years of age who underwent common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion as a
neonate as part of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) procedure performed in the
setting of pulmonary insufficiency.
Patients who underwent CCA occlusion as a neonate for ECMO at Children's National Medical
Center will be identified and contacted. The study will be explained and informed consent
will be obtained. Subjects will undergo outpatient evaluation to include history and
physical, magnetic resonance angiography and magnetic resonance imaging of the head.
- Cerebrovascular anatomic anomalies such as cerebral aneurysms and persistent fetal
circulation pathways, etc.
- Cerebral perfusion asymmetry on MRI.
- Cerebral parenchymal abnormalities such as stroke.
- INCLUSION CRITERIA:
Subjects must be 18-25 years of age.
Subjects had VA ECMO as a neonate at Children's National Medical Center.
Subjects must be in good health.
Subjects must provide informed, written consent for participation in this study.
Subjects with a history or evidence of mental retardation precluding a written consent
unless this consent could be obtained from a legal guardian.
Subjects with a history of reaction to MR contrast media or who are unable to have an MRI.
Subjects who underwent carotid artery reconstruction after neonatal ECMO.
Females who are pregnant or nursing.