RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle
formulation, docetaxel,, paclitaxel, and ixabepilone work in different ways to stop the
growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
Paricalcitol may help chemotherapy drugs to kill more tumor cells by making tumor cells more
sensitive to the drugs.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying the best dose and best way to give paricalcitol and
to see how well it works when given together with chemotherapy in treating patients with
metastatic breast cancer.
- To determine the ability to administer 8 continuous weeks of therapy within the first 3
months of enrollment with paricalcitol when given together with taxane or ixabepilone
therapy in women with metastatic breast cancer.
- To estimate the proportion of patients who successfully complete 8 continuous weeks of
therapy as well as the proportion of patients who achieve a 'steady-state' dose.
- To determine a dose of paricalcitol that can be taken continuously that maintains a
normal calcium level when combined with a taxane or ixabepilone.
- To determine if baseline levels of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol and parathyroid hormone
(PTH) are associated with time to treatment failure in these patients.
- To determine if PTH levels decline from baseline in patients treated with paricalcitol
in combination with taxane or ixabepilone therapy.
OUTLINE: Beginning on day 1, patients receive oral paricalcitol. The dose of paricalcitol is
increased every 2 weeks until the serum calcium level is between 9 mg/dL and 11.4 mg/dL.
Once this level is reached, the patient continues at that dose for the duration of the
study. Patients also receive paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation,
docetaxel, or paclitaxel once a week or once every 3 weeks or ixabepilone once every 3
weeks. Treatment continues for at least 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or
- Histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer
- Metastatic or recurrent disease
- Patients with bone metastasis only are eligible and evaluable for time to
- Candidate for taxane or ixabepilone therapy
- At least one lesion that can be measured in at least one diameter ≥ 2 cm by CT scan
- No symptomatic brain metastases or other symptomatic CNS metastases
- ECOG performance status 0 or 1
- Life expectancy > 3 months
- ANC ≥ 1,500/mm³
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
- Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
- Total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 g/dL
- Albumin corrected serum calcium < 10.5 mg/dL
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 1 year
after study participation
- At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy
- Prior and concurrent taxane or ixabepilone therapy allowed
- Concurrent oral multivitamins allowed (i.e., Centrum or One a Day)
- Concurrent bisphosphonates allowed
- History of allergy to calcitriol, paricalcitol, or other Vitamin D compounds
- History of drug or alcohol abuse within the past 6 months
- History of other malignancy except inactive nonmelanoma skin cancer, adequately
treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete
remission, or other cancer if the patient has been disease-free for 5 or more years
- Serious medical illness that would limit survival to < 3 months
- Active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infection
- Poorly controlled diabetes
- Concurrent supplemental calcium
- Concurrent digitalis compounds
- Concurrent chemotherapy
- Concurrent biologic therapy, including trastuzumab and bevacizumab
- Concurrent hormonal agents for breast cancer except luteinizing hormone-releasing