Osteoporosis is a major health problem in postmenopausal women. Our long-term goal is to
develop a new alternative treatment that include a dietary supplement (green tea extract)
and a mind-body exercise (Tai Chi) for lessening bone loss in postmenopausal women with low
bone mass. A combination of dietary supplement and moderate intensity exercise now becomes
a new alternative treatment in reducing bone loss in postmenopausal women with low bone
mass, due to the possible stronger effects of the combination than individual treatments.
Objective: To test a CAM intervention including green tea polyphenol (GTP) and Tai Chi (TC)
exercise for feasibility, and to quantitatively assess their individual and conjugate
effects on postmenopausal women with osteopenia. Hypotheses: (1) 24 weeks of GTP
supplement, TC exercise, and their combination will benefit bone remodeling as measured by
bone biomarkers and muscle strength/physical function in postmenopausal women with
osteopenia compared to those receiving placebo only, and (2) the changes in bone biomarkers
associated with bone remodeling will be correlated with the changes in oxidative stress.
This is a 24-week, randomized, and placebo-controlled intervention trial to investigate the
effects of green tea polyphenols (GTP) and Tai Chi (TC) on relevant primary and secondary
endpoints in postmenopausal women with osteopenia. Women at least 2 years after menopause,
with osteopenia, will be recruited primarily from local senior independent/assisted living
facilities, municipal senior community centers, and obstetrics and gynecology clinics.
After screening, qualified participants will be matched for age and will be randomly
assigned to one of the four treatment groups: placebo, GTP, placebo+TC, and GTP+TC. During
the 24-week intervention, all participants will be provided with calcium and vitamin D
daily. The participants in the placebo group will receive medicinal starch for 24 weeks.
The GTP participants will receive GTP for 24 weeks. The placebo+TC participants will
receive both placebo and TC treatments for 24 weeks. The GTP+TC participants will receive
both GTP and TC treatments for 24 weeks. Participants will receive the primary and
secondary outcome measures at baseline, 4, 12, and 24 weeks. The primary outcome measures
are concentrations of bone biomarkers. The secondary outcome measure is a biomarker of
oxidative stress DNA damage. Additional secondary outcome is muscle strength/physical
function. Investigators evaluating the endpoints will be blinded to intervention allocation.
- Women at least 2 years after menopause (to ensure established postmenopausal status).
- Sedentary at baseline.
- Normal laboratory evaluation, thyroid function, hepatic function, renal function.
- History of scoliosis, severe osteoarthritis, etc., or other spinal disease that may
result in anatomy unsuitable for accurate bone densitometry.
- History of cancer with some exceptions.
- History of metabolic bone disease.
- Having used anabolic steroids, calcitonin, calcitriol, alfacalcidol, etc.
- Fluoride treatment at a dose greater than 1 mg/day any time.
- History of glucocorticoid treatment.
- Any previous treatment with bisphosphonates.
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness such as symptomatic congestive heart failure,
myocardial infarction or stroke, hypertension, or terminal illness.
- Physical conditions that preclude participation of exercise intervention.
- Cognitive impairment.
- History of malabsorption syndrome and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.