Boston, Massachusetts 02115


Purpose:

Research has shown that children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease may have lower levels of vitamin D than healthy children, especially in the winter. Vitamin D is important for growing and maintaining healthy bones throughout life, and this is particularly important, since children with IBD frequently have low bone density. It may also be helpful in the treatment of IBD itself, because it helps reduce inflammation. Vitamin D levels are measured by the amount of 25 OHD in the blood; however, measuring this level on a regular basis is not yet the standard for children with IBD. The purpose of this study is to find the best way to treat low vitamin D levels, and to maintain good vitamin D levels throughout the year. It will also test whether having higher vitamin D levels will improve the bone health of children with IBD, and whether it will help them have milder disease.


Study summary:

Vitamin D is essential for bone mineralization. The prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency [serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D concentration (25OHD) ≤ 20 ng/mL] is high among adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and even higher in pediatric patients with IBD. Protein-losing enteropathy could represent both an etiologic factor for hypovitaminosis D, and an obstacle in treating it in IBD patients. There are currently no guidelines for the treatment of hypovitaminosis D in adults or children with IBD. Moreover we have obtained evidence that optimal vitamin D stores (25OHD ≥32 ng/mL) may not be maintained throughout the year in patients with IBD following current RDA recommendations. On the other hand, the prevalence of low bone mineral density is high among young patients with IBD, during a period in their lives when they should experience the most rapid acquisition of bone mass. Optimization of vitamin D status and its impact on the bone health of children with IBD has not been studied. In addition, vitamin D may play an important role in the regulation of the immune system as supported by animal models of colitis and in vitro human studies. Prospective studies of the effect of vitamin D supplementation on disease outcomes have not been undertaken in children with IBD to date. We aim to perform a) a randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy of 3 regimens in treating vitamin D insufficiency in pediatric patients with IBD over a period of 6 weeks. We will also evaluate the effects of each regimen on markers of bone resorption, bone formation and parathyroid hormone levels, and the relationship between the magnitude of gastrointestinal protein loss, as reflected by clearance of fecal alpha -1-antitrypsin, and the efficacy of the treatment. b) We also aim to perform a randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy of 2 regimens of different doses of oral vitamin D2 in maintaining optimal vitamin D stores in pediatric patients with IBD over a period of 2 years. We intend to study the effect of each regimen on a) bone mass acquisition (measured via DXA and pQCT) and bone strength (measured via pQCT), b) bone formation and resorption markers and parathyroid hormone, and c) disease outcomes and disease severity over the same period of time.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Clinical diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease - serum 25OHD level ≤ 20 ng/mL (Treatment Trial) - serum 25OHD level > 20 ng/mL (Maintenance Trial) Exclusion Criteria: - Patients unable to take medications by mouth, pregnant, with liver/kidney failure, receiving anticonvulsant medications (specifically, phenobarbital, carbamazepine and phenytoin, since they lead to increased vitamin D metabolism through hepatic induction of the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) hydroxylase enzymes), regularly attending a tanning salon (once weekly or more), currently being treated for hypovitaminosis D with therapeutic doses of vitamin D (> 800 IU per day) and unwilling to discontinue this regimen. - patients on growth hormone, anabolic steroid hormones, calcitonin, bisphosphonates (Maintenance Trial only)


NCT ID:

NCT00621257


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Helen Pappa, MD, MPH
Children's Hospital Boston

Helen Pappa, MD, MPH
Phone: 617-355-2962
Email: helen.pappa@childrens.harvard.edu


Backup Contact:

Email: tracee.saslowsky@childrens.harvard.edu
Tracee Saslowsky, MSN
Phone: 617-355-4204


Location Contact:

Boston, Massachusetts 02115
United States



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Site Status: Recruiting


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 16, 2018

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