Expired Study
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Durham, North Carolina 27710


Purpose:

This will be an open-label, non-randomized trial pilot phase II trial open to patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. The purpose of the study is to find out if the combination of decitabine, arsenic trioxide and ascorbic acid is safe.


Study summary:

Conventional therapy for MDS has been poor at best. Supportive care with transfusion therapy and antibiotics have remained an option for all patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The only known curative therapy is an allogeneic bone marrow transplant. However due to its high morbidity in this elderly population and the lack of available donors, it is estimated that less than 5% of patients with MDS are candidates for this type of aggressive therapy. Investigational therapies are thus warranted in MDS. Decitabine shows significant clinical activity in patients with MDS, with moderate toxicity. The major toxicity is myelosuppression with subsequent infection occurring in 20-25% of patients. Arsenic trioxide is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) who are refractory to, or have relapsed from, retinoid and anthracycline chemotherapy. Two pivotal studies of arsenic trioxide in the setting of relapsed APL showed a complete remission rate of 87% with a 36 month survival estimate of 50%. As of May 2004, over 800 patients had received arsenic trioxide in clinical studies or through a compassionate use program, and an additional 3600 patients had received the drug in clinical practice. Arsenic trioxide shows clinical activity in MDS. Side effects have been noted and are manageable. Adult patients with an established diagnosis of MDS will receive decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV over one hour for days1-5 of each cycle, and arsenic trioxide 0.25 mg/kg IV for days 1-5 of cycle 1 followed by 0.25 mg/kg twice weekly (Mon-Thursday or Tues-Fri) for all remaining cycles. The dose of ascorbic acid will be 1000 mg in 100 mL a solution of 5% dextrose in water (D5W) (protected from light and air) administered as an IV infusion over 15 to 30 minutes and administered within 30 minutes after arsenic trioxide administration. Each cycle will consist of 4 weeks of treatment, and patients will be assessed each cycle for toxicity, and after 4 cycles for response as defined by the International Working Group (IWG - see section 8.0). Patients will have transfusion and supportive care therapy administered per the treating physician's discretion. Patients with a response (complete response - CR, partial remission - PR, or hematologic improvement) after 4 cycles of therapy may choose to continue on two more cycles of decitabine with arsenic and ascorbic acid given only during the first week of those two additional cycles.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Established diagnosis of MDS (de novo or secondary) fitting either the French American British Cooperative Group (FAB) or World Health Organization (WHO) classification systems as determined by a complete blood count (CBC) and bone marrow biopsy. Patients with >20% bone marrow blasts but <30% bone marrow blasts who would be classified as refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB-t) in the FAB and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the WHO systems are still eligible for this study. Patients with low risk MDS (IPSS scores low or intermediate -1 {INT-1}) must be transfusion dependent to be eligible. Transfusion dependent will be defined as having 2 or more transfusion events within a 90 day period. - Eastern Oncology Cooperative Group (ECOG) or WHO performance status of 0-2 (Appendix) - Able to provide written informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: - Pregnant females - AML defined as > 30% bone marrow blasts. - Any malignant disease within the past 2 years, except cervical carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma of the skin, and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.. - Off all prior treatment for MDS for at least 4 weeks from entry. - Off any investigational agents for at least 4 weeks from entry. - Uncontrolled cardiac disease or congestive heart failure as defined by New York Heart Association criteria of Class III or greater. - Uncontrolled pulmonary disease. - Uncontrolled or active viral or bacterial infection. All infections must have been fully treated with antibiotics. - HIV + - Abnormal renal function (Cr>2.5) - Abnormal liver function (bilirubin >2.0, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase {SGPT} or serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase {SGOT}>2x the upper limits of normal range of the treating institution. - Any mental illness of psychiatric condition which would prevent informed consent or full cooperation with treatment and monitoring. - QT interval > 460 msec t baseline.


NCT ID:

NCT00621023


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Carlos de Castro, MD
Duke University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Durham, North Carolina 27710
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 16, 2018

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