The purpose of the research study is to determine the response rates when Revlimid® is
combined with Doxil® and Dexamethasone (Dd-R) in newly diagnosed Multiple Myeloma. The
study will also evaluate the side effects caused by the combination of these three drugs.
This therapy is investigational in the treatment of Multiple Myeloma.
Revlimid® is a drug that alters the immune system and it may also interfere with the
development of tiny blood vessels that help support tumor growth. Therefore, in theory, it
may reduce or prevent the growth of cancer cells. Revlimid® is approved by the Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) for specific types of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and Multiple
Myeloma, two different types of blood cancer. It is currently being tested in a variety of
other cancer conditions. In this case it is considered experimental.
Doxil® is a form of chemotherapy. It is approved by the FDA for the treatment of relapsed/
refractory Multiple Myeloma in combination with Velcade.
Dexamethasone is a steroid. It is also approved by the FDA, but not for the treatment of
Multiple Myeloma. It is considered a standard part of most myeloma therapies for newly
Newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients with active disease 20, will be treated with Dd-R
as outlined below:
All patients will also receive Levaquin 500 mg by mouth (PO) every day (QD)(or if allergic
receive amoxicillin 250 mg PO twice a day [BID]), acyclovir 400 mg PO BID or Valacyclovir
500mg BID and aspirin 81 mg PO QD daily while receiving Dd-R. Aspirin will continue through
maintenance. For patients who cannot tolerate aspirin, low molecular weight heparin or
therapeutic doses of coumadin may be used in place of aspirin.
- Doxil® 30mg/m2 on day # 1 to be repeated every 28 days
- Dexamethasone 40mg per day for 4 days (days 1-4) every 28 days
- Revlimid® 25mg po daily on days 1-21, followed by 7 days of no therapy, repeated every
Patients who complete the induction regimen or those who complete at least 2 cycles of the
induction regimen and not showing evidence of progressive disease but cannot tolerate any
further chemotherapy could be started on maintenance therapy as follows:
- Revlimid® 15mg or 25mg* po daily on days 1-21, followed by 7 days of no therapy,
repeated every 28 days.
- Dexamethasone 40mg per day for 4 days (days 1-4) every 28 days
All participants will also receive aspirin 81 mg PO QD daily while receiving maintenance.
For patients who cannot tolerate aspirin, low molecular weight heparin or therapeutic doses
of coumadin may be used in place of aspirin.
- Signed informed consent form
- Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
- Diagnosed with active multiple myeloma and be considered to have active disease
- Measurable myeloma paraprotein levels in serum (≥ 0.5 g/dL) or urine (≥ 0.2 g
excreted in a 24-hour urine collection sample).
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-2
- Performance status of 3 will be allowed if related to bony disease.
- Prior steroid therapy for up to 4 weeks will not exclude the patient from entering
- Bilirubin < 3.0
- Liver enzymes: alanine transaminase or aspartate transaminase (ALT or AST) < 3 x
upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Must have adequate bone marrow function:
- Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000 cells/mm³ (1.0 x 10^9/L). Patients with bone marrow
>50% plasma cells are permitted to have a neutrophil count of < 1,000 cells/mm³.
- Platelets ≥ 50,000 cells/mm³. Patients with bone marrow >50% plasma cells are
permitted to have a Platelet count < 50, 000 cells/mm³.
- Hemoglobin > 8 g/dL (transfusion allowed to increase the Hgb)
- Must have adequate renal function: Creatinine ≤ 2.5 mg/dL
- Must have a 2-d echocardiogram indicating left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥
50% within 42 days prior to first dose of study drug
- Able to tolerate aspirin, low molecular weight heparin or coumadin
- Must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and be willing and able to
comply with the requirements of RevAssist®
- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine
pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 to 14 days prior to
and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must be filled
within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual
intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control AT THE SAME TIME, at
least 4 weeks before taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy
testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a female of
child bearing potential even if they have had a successful vasectomy.
- Ongoing severe infection requiring intravenous antibiotic treatment
- Life expectancy of <3 months
- Prior malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin
cancer, in-situ cervical cancer, or other cancer from which the subject has been
disease-free for at least 5 years. Concurrent prostate cancer for which the patient
is receiving therapy will not be considered an exclusion if the prostatic specific
antigen (PSA) has been stable for three years.
- Solitary bone or solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma as the only evidence of plasma
- Patients receiving therapeutic dosages of steroids (dexamethasone 160mg per pulse > 4
pulses) for multiple myeloma.
- Myocardial infarct within 6 months before enrollment, New York Heart Association
(NYHA) Class II or greater heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled
ventricular arrhythmias, clinically significant pericardial disease, or
electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemic or active conduction system
- Uncontrolled medical problems such as diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease,
hypertension, unstable angina, arrhythmias), pulmonary, hepatic and renal diseases
unless renal insufficiency is felt to be secondary to multiple myeloma.
- Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that
would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form
- Pregnant or breast feeding females
- Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the
subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds
the ability to interpret data from the study
- Prior chemotherapy for multiple myeloma, except for radiation to symptomatic bony
disease, plasmapheresis for hyperviscosity, kyphoplasty and/or vertebroplasty