This study will investigate whether adding the optical imaging to magnetic resonance imaging
can improve the diagnostic specificity of breast cancer.
1. A female older than 21 years of age,
2. Have suspicious imaging findings suggesting a possibility of breast cancer, or
biopsy-proven breast cancer.
2. Unwilling to give informed consent,
3. Have implanted prosthetic heart valves, pacemaker, neuro-stimulation devices,
surgical clips (hemostatic clips) or other metallic implants,
4. Have engaged in occupations or activities which may cause accidental lodging of
ferromagnetic materials, or have imbedded metal fragments from military activities,
5. Have received orthodontic work involving ferromagnetic materials,
7. Have had allergic response to contrast agents (such as iodine or gadolinium)
8. Have known history of severe renal insufficiency, asthma, allergic conditions, sickle
cell anemia, chronic hemolytic anemia, and gastrointestinal disorders.