To determine the effect of scar tissue removal on the rate of infection and any other
complications such as bleeding in patients with an ICD or pacemaker who have the device
generator or leads replaced or repositioned.
This is a randomized, prospective, single-blind study that evaluates the effect of removal
of scar tissue during pacemaker/ICD pocket revision on infection and complications. Subjects
will be randomly assigned to either removal of the scar tissue surrounding the implanted
device during device replacement or to device replacement without removal of this tissue.
Subjects will be followed for one year post-procedure for the occurrence of infection,
bleeding/hematoma, or other complications.
1. Age 18 years or greater
2. Willingness to provide written informed consent
3. Subjects presenting for any of the following:
1. pacemaker/ICD generator change
2. pacemaker/ICD lead replacement
3. pacemaker/ICD lead revision
4. pacemaker/ICD upgrades
1. Age less than 18 years
2. Unwillingness to provide written informed consent
3. Subjects unable to give consent
4. Pregnant or nursing women
5. Patients who have undergone pocket revision or manipulation less than 365 days prior
6. Patients who have undergone pacemaker or ICD implantation less than 365 days prior