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Cleveland, Ohio 44195


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to perform ground-based research to study what happens to the heart muscle in space. People who have problems with their aortic valve have an increase in the amount of muscle in the left ventricle of the heart. After valve surgery, the amount of muscle should decrease and return to normal. Astronauts lose heart muscle mass during space flight. Our study will look at these changes in your heart, which we believe are similar to what happens during long term space travel. This study will look at the accuracy of three dimensional ultrasound imaging (echo) in monitoring the changes in heart size and function following aortic valve replacement. We are studying ways to prevent health-related problems that men and women will face on long-duration space missions. The hypothesis is that serial two dimensional and three dimensional echo will show accurate changes in the left ventricle mass and volume following aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis or regurgitation


Study summary:

Diagnostic Three Dimensional Echocardiography Study Protocol A. Aims The overall purpose of this study is to perform ground-based research, development, and validation aimed at optimizing diagnostic ultrasound in manned spaceflight, with the following unifying hypothesis: Serial 3D ultrasound examinations will enhance diagnostic capabilities in manned spaceflight. Specific Aims: 1. To optimize acquisition methods for 3D sonography using reconstruction and real-time techniques 2. To determine the utility of serial 3D ultrasound examinations in identifying renal calculi and their complications including the development and resolution of hydronephrosis and calyceal dilatation. 3. To determine the utility of serial 2D and 3D ultrasound examinations in demonstrating cardiac remodeling (changes in cardiac dimensions, volume, mass and function) and defining its determinants after left ventricular unloading following aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis or regurgitation. 4. To determine whether changes in plasma BNP levels accurately reflect changes in LV mass and volume. Hypotheses: 1. Serial 3D ultrasound examinations will allow accurate diagnosis of nephrolithiasis and tracking of complications including hydronephrosis and calyceal dilatation 2. Serial 2D and 3D ultrasound will allow accurate tracking of changes in LV mass and volume following aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis or regurgitation. 3. Changes in plasma BNP levels will fall in proportion to the decrease in LV mass and volume.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Scheduled for surgery for aortic stenosis or aortic regurgitation Exclusion Criteria: - Previous open heart surgery


NCT ID:

NCT00598754


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Jim D Thomas, MD
The Cleveland Clinic


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Cleveland, Ohio 44195
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 22, 2018

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