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Duluth, Minnesota 55805


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is determine if subjects with alcohol withdrawal who receive oral baclofen, plus standard benzodiazepine therapy, will experience less severe withdrawal symptoms than those who receive placebo plus standard benzodiazepine therapy.Subjects with alcohol withdrawal syndrome(AWS)who receive baclofen plus standard benzodiazepine therapy will experience fewer complications of AWS (as measured by use of additional sedatives, restraints, and/or intensive care unit [ICU] admissions) compared with subjects who receive placebo plus standard benzodiazepine therapy.


Study summary:

Alcohol use is ubiquitous in American society. 83% of Americans have ever consumed alcohol, 51% have in the lst month. The average American consumes 2.18 gallons of ethanol yearly. Alcohol related morbidity and mortality are staggering problems in the USA. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal occur because alcohol is a central nervous system depressant; abrupt withdrawal unmasks compensatory overactivity of certain parts of the nervous system, including sympathetic autonomic outflow. 5% of patients who undergo alcohol suffer from Delirium Tremors (DTs), a syndrome characterized by hallucinations, disorientation, tachycardia, hypertension, low grade fever, agitation, and diaphoresis. DTs typically begin between 48-96 hours after the last drink and last 1 to 5 days. DTs requires hospitalization and vigorous activity in an ICU setting. The most successful drug treatment for alcohol withdrawal has been found to be the benzodiazepines. Symptom triggered treatment was found to be as effective as a fixed dose treatment to result in less drug being used overall, with a trend toward shorter duration of withdrawal treatment. Baclofen is used orally for the treatment of spasticity resulting from multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries/diseases and intrathecally for spasticity related to cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Its proposed benefit in alcohol withdrawal is that it may reduce voluntary alcohol intake, alcohol craving, and may suppress the intensity of alcohol withdrawal treatment.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th version, revised (DSMr-IV) criteria for alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). - Be an inpatient at St. Mary's Medical Center (SMMC) or Miller Dwan Medical Center (MDMC) at time of study enrollment. - Have an alcohol withdrawal score as measured by standard SMMC or MDMC inpatient protocol sufficient to trigger the use of benzodiazepine withdrawal therapy. - Agree to abstain for alcohol for duration of study. - Be able to provide informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: - The patient must not have any other active drug dependence in addition to alcohol. - Be unwilling or unable to forgo alcohol for the duration of the study. - Be using baclofen at the time of study enrollment. - Be using benzodiazepines for any reason other than acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome at time of study enrollment. - have known baclofen or benzodiazepine sensitivity. - Be unable to take oral (PO) meds. - Be unable to complete one of two consenting procedures. - Be pregnant or breastfeeding. - Have a serum creatine level > 2.0. - Have a history of non alcoholic withdrawal seizures.


NCT ID:

NCT00597701


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Jeffrey Lyon, MD
Essentia Health


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Duluth, Minnesota 55805
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 16, 2018

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