To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Spinal Sealant as an adjunct to sutured dural
repair compared with standard of care methods (control) to obtain watertight dural closure in
patients undergoing spinal surgery.
Neurosurgical procedures in the spine often involve incision of the dura mater to access the
spinal cord. If the dural incision is not properly repaired and watertight closure is not
achieved cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can escape presenting a risk for significant morbidity.
The most frequent complication of CSF leak is recurring headache complicated with symptoms of
nausea and vomiting. Furthermore fluid collection under skin prevents proper wound healing
and may lead to wound breakdown and infection of the incision or both. Persistent CSF leak
has also been associated with the development of cerebellar hemorrhage and subdural hematoma.
Primary repair and watertight closure are paramount to minimizing risk and sequelae
associated with CSF leak.
- Patients who are scheduled for an elective spinal procedure that requires a dural
incision will be considered for study participation.
- Patient requires a procedure that involving surgical wound classification Class
1/Clean (per CDC criteria)
- Presence of a non-watertight dural closure, either spontaneously or upon Valsala
maneuver at 20-25 cm H20 for 5-10 seconds.
- Active spinal and/or systemic infection
- Patient requires additional spinal surgery within the study time period
- Patient has had a previous spinal surgery involving dural exposure and/or entry at the
same level(s) as the study procedure
- Patient has a pre-existing external lumbar CSF drain or internal CSF shunt
- Patient is participating in a clinical trial of another investigational device or drug
- Patient with creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL
- Patient with total bilirubin > 2.5 mg/dL
- Pregnant or breast-feeding females or females who wish to become pregnant during the
length of study participation
- Patient has been treated with chronic steroid therapy (>4 weeks) unless discontinued
more than 6 weeks prior to surgery
- Patient has documented history or significant coagulopathy with a PTT >35 sec, PT/INR
>1.2, receiving asprin, or NSAIDS at the time of surgery
- Patient receiving warfarin or heparin at the time of surgery
- Patient has a diagnosed and documented compromised immune system and/or autoimmune
- Patient has has chemotherapy treatment within 6 months prior to, or planned during the
- Patient has had prior radiation treatment to the surgical site or has planned
radiation therapy within 30 days post procedure
- Patient has known malignancy or other condition with prognosis shorter than 6 months
- Patients with documented history of uncontrolled diabetes
- Patient requires use of synthetic or non-autologous duraplasty material
- Patient has a gap greater than 2mm remaining after primary dural closure
- Patient has undergone laminoplasty decompression
- Patient has undergone a syringomyelia procedure where the shunt is not placed in the
- Patient has undergone a Chiari Malformation procedure that does not entail a dural
incision at or below the C1 level
- The investigator determines that participation in the study may jeopardize the safety
or welfare of the patient
- The investigator determines that the patient should not be included in the study for
reason(s) not already specified