The hypothesis for this study is that bilateral sacral neuromodulation will improve symptoms
of interstitial cystitis by at least 25% when compared to unilateral sacral neuromodulation
as reported by patient's responses to the Interstitial Cystitis Symptom and Problem Indices.
This study will be a prospective randomized study comparing bilateral to unilateral sacral
neuromodulation. The study population will include all patients diagnosed with interstitial
cystitis, using the NIDDK criteria, having staged sacral neuromodulator stimulators placed
at Hahnemann University Hospital.
- Diagnosis of interstitial cystitis for at least 6 months.
- At least 18yrs old and less than 80.
- Symptoms of urgency (>4 on the visual analog scale).
- Symptoms of urinary frequency (>8 episodes/day as recorded on a voiding diary)
- Symptoms of pelvic pain (>4 on the visual analog scale for pelvic pain).
- Interstitial Cystitis refractory to more conservative treatments such as behavioral
modification, dietary intervention, or medical therapy for at least 6 months.
- Able to make medical decisions for herself.
- Presence of either glomerulations of Hunner's ulcer on cystoscopic examination.
- Participant must agree to use a medically acceptable method of contraception
throughout the entire study period, and for 7 days after the study period. Medically
acceptable methods of contraception include abstinence, birth control pills or
patches, diaphragm with spermicide, IUD, condom with vaginal spermicide, surgical
sterilization, post menopausal for at least 1 year, implants or injections, or
- Must give written informed consent to participate in this study.
- Prior sacral neuromodulation.
- Participant is currently pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Urinary retention (defined by post void residual greater than 100cc).
- Neurologic deficit.
- Need for future MRI surveillance.
- Involved in any study within the past thirty days or currently enrolled.
- Presence of bladder or ureteral calculi.
- Active genital herpes.
- Uterine, cervical, vaginal, or urethral cancer.
- Urethral diverticulum.
- Cyclophosphamide cystitis.
- Tuberculous cystitis.
- Foreign body within the bladder (indwelling catheter- foley or suprapubic tube, or
- An employee or a relative of an employee of Medtronic Inc. or The Pelvic and Sexual
- Bladder capacity greater than 350 cc while awake during cystometrogram.
- Duration of symptoms of less than 6 months.
- Detrusor overactivity on cystometrogram.
- Absence of nocturia, defined by greater than 2 voids per sleeping hours.
- Urinary symptoms relieved by either antimicrobials, antiseptics, anticholinergics, or
- Urinary frequency of less than 8 voids per day.
- Diagnosis of bacterial cystitis or prostatitis within the past 3 months.
- Radiation cystitis.
- Benign or malignant bladder tumors.
- Age less than 18 or greater than 79.
- Participant is currently receiving or has received pelvic radiation.
- Participant is diagnosed with cancer within the past 5 years prior to the start of
- Participant has a history of alcohol or substance abuse within the past 5 years prior
to the start of the study.
- Severe or uncontrolled diabetes or diabetes with peripheral nerve involvement.
- Patients with implanted electrical devices (cardiac pacemakers or defibrillators).
- Patients on anticoagulation therapy.
- Planned future exposure to diathermy, microwave, or RF energy.