The purpose of the study is to conduct a cross-sectional study to examine asthma prevalence
and morbidity in a predominately minority, low-income population in rural Arkansas.
Asthma is the leading chronic disease of childhood in the United States and an important
public health concern in Arkansas. Arkansas, a predominately rural state, has one of the
leading mortality rates in the nation for African Americans. The specific aims of the study
will examine asthma prevalence in children age 4-17 years old in public schools in Eudora
and Marvell Arkansas. The study will also examine asthma morbidity among identified
asthmatics by characterizing activity limitation, days missed from school, daytime and
nocturnal symptoms, healthcare utilization and medication use. The specific aims of the
current study will provide novel data on an understudied population of asthmatics and will
test our working hypotheses that pediatric asthma prevalence in the Delta region of Arkansas
is higher than national estimates; and asthma diagnosis is related to significant morbidity
among rural asthmatics.
- Children aged 4-17 years, enrolled in the public schools in Eudora and Marvell
- Children aged 18 or older enrolled in the public schools in Eudora and Marvell
Arkansas were excluded.